Hydraulic Structures

Hydraulic Structures

The major function of a hydraulic project (i.e., water project) is to alter the natural
behavior of a water body (river, lake, sea, groundwater) by concentrating its flow
fall. It is intended for purposeful use for the benefits of national economy and to
protect the environment, including electric power generation, flood control, water
supply, silt mitigation, navigation, irrigation and draining, fish handling and
farming, ecologic protection, and recreation. It is common that a number of
hydraulic structures (i.e., hydraulic works) of general or special purposes are
constructed to form a single or integrated hydraulic project to comprehensively
serve foregoing purposes. Such a project is known as the water resources project or
hydropower project in China, and the latter is primarily for electric power generation
in addition to other possible benefits. The general-purpose and special-purpose
hydraulic structures which are parts of a hydraulic project can be further
divided into main, auxiliary, and temporary structures.

As a result the successful management of a civil engineering project
depends upon use of an appropriate contract for construction; the judgements
of the civil engineer in charge and his team of engineering advisers; the need
to arrange for supervision of the work of construction as it proceeds, and on
the competence of the contractor engaged to build the works and his engineers
and tradesmen.


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