Construction Program Management – Decision Making and Optimization Techniques

Construction Program Management – Decision

Making and Optimization Techniques

The recent trend in the construction industry is how to manage large and complex
programs. Multiple projects being built simultaneously, as part of government or
private programs, will need structured and sophisticated program management
techniques in order to deliver the vast and complex building works at hand with a
relatively short period. Without proper program management procedures, these
often huge, complex, multi-projects can take decades to construct with draining
budgets. With program management, the building works can be relatively short
spanning years with significant cost reduction.
Although program management methods have been applied successfully in the
USA (NASA and ARMY programs as an example), Europe (Marshall Plan), and
some of the United Nation programs, there have not been literature nor research to
sustain the theories behind the successful implementation of these methods nor their
proper and scientific know-how. All the focus has been on project management
techniques with their apparent short-folds for program constructability.

This book will look on the different program management methods, ranging
from simple decision-making techniques and statistics analysis to the more complex
linear programming, and how program managers, directors, clients, stakeholders,
contractors, and consultants can benefit from the availability of these different
techniques. The book is unique in a way as it looks on how to apply new and
developed techniques to optimize for the delivery of programs mainly in the field of
artificial intelligence especially knowledge-based systems and genetic algorithms.
The author’s unique experience in complex management, program management,
and his past research and studies in analytical analysis and mathematical modeling
and artificial intelligence has induced him to write this book to well inform readers
about the different techniques that can be applied for future program execution.

Program management is concerned with the construction of a group of
related projects, carried out to achieve a defined objective or benefit to a client,
falling under the auspices of a program. The program management process balances
the key program constraints and provides a tool for making decisions throughout
the program cycle based on benchmark values, performance metrics, established
procedures, and the program aims. In order to find better solutions for many aspects
of a program, including planning and scheduling, distribution of resources such as
labor and staff, optimizing the procurement process and minimizing costs while
achieving the program objectives, a program manager must be familiar with the
fundamental methodologies of heuristics methods, operations research, and
sophisticated intelligent techniques to deal with these complex issues. This book
will focus on the fundamental rules in planning and scheduling for program
activities, the application of methods and techniques in the decision-making process
for often very complex situations, operations research and optimization and
mathematical modeling, and lately, the use of complex, efficient, and intelligent
systems in order to provide optimal solutions to program managers. The book
serves as an introduction for program managers for the above and introduces the
basic elements in critical path method (CPM), statistics and forecasting methods,
linear programming, knowledge-based systems, and genetic algorithms and their
applications as decision-making tools in key areas in program management.


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