# Electricity and Magnetism

## Electricity and Magnetism

EDWARD M. PURCELL

Preference :

The existence of this book is owed (both figuratively and literally) to the fact that the building blocks of matter possess a quality called charge. Two important aspects of charge are conservation and quantization. The electric force between two charges is given by Coulomb’s law. Like the gravitational force, the electric force falls off like 1/r2. It is conservative, so we can talk about the potential energy of a system of charges (the work done in assembling them). A very useful concept is the electric field, which is defined as the force per unit charge. Every point in space has a unique electric field associated with it. We can define the flux of the electric field through a given surface. This leads us to Gauss’s law, which is an alternative way of stating Coulomb’s law. In cases involving sufficient symmetry, it is much quicker to calculate the electric field via Gauss’s law than via Coulomb’s law and direct integration. Finally, we discuss the energy density in the electric field, which provides another way of calculating the potential energy of a system.

• ELECTROSTATICS: CHARGES AND FIELDS
• THE ELECTRIC POTENTIAL
• ELECTRIC FIELDS AROUND CONDUCTORS
• ELECTRIC CURRENTS
• THE FIELDS OF MOVING CHARGES
• THE MAGNETIC FIELD
• ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION
• ALTERNATING-CURRENT CIRCUITS
• MAXWELL’S EQUATIONS AND ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES
• ELECTRIC FIELDS IN MATTER
• MAGNETIC FIELDS IN MATTER
• SOLUTIONS TO THE PROBLEMS