Punching Shear Strength Design of RC Slab According ACI318M-08

Punching Shear Strength Design of RC Slab According ACI318M-08

The main objective of this sheet is to evaluate the effect of design tje RC slab for punching shear strength . The increasing of the punching shear strength and deformation capacity
 when subjected to patch load was studied here.
An experimental study was carried out on reinforced concrete slabs under a central patch load with
circular, square and rectangular shapes of patch areas. A single concrete mix design was used
throughout the test program. All of slab specimens were reinforced with distributed mesh
reinforcement with equal steel ratios in both directions. The validation of the experimental work
was made by analyzing the tested slabs by finite element method under cracking load. The results
obtained by the finite element method were found to compare well with those obtained
experimentally. In order to calculate the ductility for the tested slabs, the punching load has been
determined by applying the published failure criterion and a load-rotation relationship obtained
from semi-empirical relationship for the tested slabs. Conclusions on the influence of patch area on
the punching shear capacity of reinforced concrete slabs were drawn. The experimental results
confirm that the strength and deformation capacity are slightly influenced by the shape of the patch
area. Among all specimens, the slabs with circular shape of patch area exhibited the best
performance in terms of ductility and splitting failure.

In flat-plate floors, slab-column connections are subjected to high shear stresses produced by the transfer of the internal forces between the columns and the slabs (ACI-421.1R-08, 2008; ACI-421.1-99, 1999). Normally it is desired to increase the slab thickness or using drop panels or column capitals of exceptionally high strength for shear in reinforced concrete slab around the supporting column. Occasionally, methods to increase punching shear resistance without modifying the slab thickness are often preferred (Cheng and Montesinos, 2010). The ways to transfer the force from column to the slab need to be studied to increase the shear resistance. Several reinforcement alternatives for increasing punching shear resistance of slab-column connections, including bent-up bars (Hawkins et al., 1974; Islam and Park, 1976), closed stirrups (Islam and Park, 1976), shearheads (Corley and Hawkins, 1968), and shear studs (Dilger and Ghali, 1981), have been evaluated in the past five decades. But there is a little experimental and theoretical information about the influence of patch area or cross section area shape for supporting column in the reinforced concrete shear resistance.


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