## Earthwork Calculation Excel Sheet

Earthworks can be described as “the disturbance of land surfaces by blading, contouring, ripping, moving, removing, placing or replacing soil or earth, or by the excavation, or by cutting or filling operations”. Soil Disturbance – The disturbance of land surfaces by any means including blading, blasting, contouring, cutting of batters, excavation, ripping, root raking, excludes normal maintenance of legally established structures, roads, tracks, and railway lines. The definition also excludes those activities that are identified as vegetation clearance activities.

In construction, the most important and appropriate part is reinforced concrete in comparison with all other components that exist in this sector. In this section, we are going to provide a newly designed excel sheet that is very much required to perform a design of the reinforced concrete staircase. This spreadsheet provides RCC Stair Design
with very simple steps

## Fundamentals of Structural Analysis, Fifth Edition

Kenneth M. Leet, Chia-Ming

Preference :

This text introduces engineering and architectural students to the basic techniques required for analyzing the majority of structures and the elements of which most structures are composed, including beams, frames, trusses, arches, and cables. Although the authors assume that readers have completed basic courses in statics and strength of materials, we briefly review the basic techniques from these courses the first time we mention them. To clarify the discussion, we use many carefully chosen examples to illustrate the various analytic techniques introduced, and whenever possible, we select examples confronting engineers in real-life professional practice.

As an engineer or architect involved with the design of buildings, bridges, and other structures, you will be required to make many technical decisions about structural systems. These decisions include (1) selecting an efficient, economical, and attractive structural form; (2) evaluating its safety, that is, its strength and stiffness; and (3) planning its erection under temporary construction loads. To design a structure, you will learn to carry out a structural analysis that establishes the internal forces and deflections at all points produced by the design loads. Designers determine the internal forces in key members in order to size both members and the connections between members. And designers evaluate deflections to ensure a serviceable structure—one that does not deflect or vibrate excessively under load so that its function is impaired.

Content :
• Introduction
• Design Loads and Structural Framing
• Statics of Structures Reactions
• Trusses
• Beams and Frames
• Cables and Arches
• Deflections of Beams and Frames
• Work-Energy Methods for Computing Deflections
• Analysis of Indeterminate Structures by the Flexibility Method
• Analysis of Indeterminate Beams and Frames by the Slope-Deflection Method
• Analysis of Indeterminate Beams and Frames by the Moment Distribution
• Influence Lines for Moving Loads
• Approximate Analysis of Indeterminate Structures
• Introduction to the General Stiffness Method
• Matrix Analysis of Trusses by the Direct Stiffness Method