Reinforced Concrete Element Design Spreadsheet

Reinforced Concrete Element Design Spreadsheet

A structure refers to a system of connected parts used to support forces (loads). Buildings,
bridges and towers are examples for structures in civil engineering. In buildings, structure
consists of walls floors, roofs and foundation. In bridges, the structure consists of deck,
supporting systems and foundations. In towers the structure consists of vertical, horizontal and
diagonal members along with foundation.
A structure can be broadly classified as (i) sub structure and (ii) super structure. The portion of
building below ground level is known as sub-structure and portion above the ground is called as
super structure. Foundation is sub structure and plinth, walls, columns, floor slabs with or
without beams, stairs, roof slabs with or without beams etc are super structure.


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