Engineering Construction Specifications

Engineering Construction Specifications

There are two major areas of designed construction:

(1) Building (architectural) construction, whose design is performed and su-
pervised by architects. This type of construction is sometimes referred to as

vertical construction.
(2) Engineered construction, which this book is concerned with, includes the
construction of bridges, highways, tunnels, dams, pipelines, airfields, rapid

transit facilities, and other types of construction that utilize the designs of en-
gineers. This type of construction is generally referred to as heavy construction.

When a construction contract is signed, the Specifications become the rule
book that governs performance of the Work and controls the official relations
between the Contractor, Owner, and Engineer. This book has been prepared for
both the practicing engineer and the student of engineering.

Specifications enabled the Engineer to control and handle other situations such

as unanticipated subsurface conditions; an uncooperative contractor; and ques-
tionable work which had to be uncovered for reexamination. In addition to

benefitting the student and the specification writer, material presented in this
book will be found useful by the project engineer, the Designer, the Owner's

site representative, the construction Contractor, and the construction claims law-

It has been said that over 50 percent of the construction claims that occur,
are caused by Drawings and Specifications that are unclear, ambiguous, or
contradictory. When these claims wind up in court and there are questions
concerning the intent of the Contract, the court will most likely tum to the
Specifications rather than to the Drawings. It is much easier for judges and juries
to interpret Specifications which are the written word, than it is to comprehend
a technical drawing.


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