Design of Liquid Retaining Concrete Structures Third Edition

Design of Liquid Retaining Concrete Structures Third Edition

J.P. Forth and A.J. Martin

Preference :

It is common practice to use reinforced or prestressed concrete structures for the
storage of water and other aqueous liquids. Similar design methods may also be used
to design basements in buildings where groundwater must be excluded. For such purposes
as these, concrete is generally the most economical material of construction
and, when correctly designed and constructed, will provide long life and low maintenance
costs. The design methods given in this book are appropriate for the following
types of structure (all of which are in-line with the scope of Part 3 of Eurocode 2,
BS EN 1992-3, 2006): storage tanks, reservoirs, swimming pools, elevated tanks (not
the tower supporting the tank), ponds, settlement tanks, basement walls, and similar
structures (Figures 1.1 and 1.2). Specifically excluded are dams, structures subjected
to dynamic forces, and pipelines, aqueducts or other types of structure for the conveyance
of liquids.
It is convenient to discuss designs for the retention of water, but the principles
apply equally to the retention of other aqueous liquids. In particular, sewage tanks
are included. The pressures on a structure may have to be calculated using a specific
gravity greater than unity, where the stored liquid is of greater density than water.
Throughout this book, it is assumed that water is the retained liquid unless any other
qualification is made. The term ‘structure’ is used in the book to describe the vessel or
container that retains or excludes the liquid.

A structure that is designed to retain liquids must fulfill the requirements for normal
structures in having adequate strength, durability, and freedom from excessive cracking
or deflection. In addition, it must be designed so that the liquid is not allowed
to leak or percolate through the concrete structure. In the design of normal building
structures, the most critical aspect of the design is to ensure that the structure retains
its stability under the applied (permanent and variable) actions. In the design of structures
to retain liquids, it is usual to find that if the structure has been proportioned and
reinforced so that the liquid is retained without leakage (i.e. satisfying the Serviceability
Limit State, SLS), then the strength (the Ultimate Limit State, ULS requirements)



Content :
  • Introduction
  • Basis of design and materials
  • Design of reinforced concrete
  • Design of prestressed concrete
  • Distribution reinforcement and joints: Design for thermal stresses and shrinkage in restrained panels
  • Design calculations
  • Testing and rectification
  • Vapour exclusion


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BUILDING CONSTRUCTION HANDBOOK Eighth edition

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION HANDBOOK Eighth edition

R. Chudley and R. Greeno

Preference :

This edition retains the predominantly illustrative format of earlier editions, presenting the principles of building construction with comprehensive guidance to procedures with numerous examples of formulated and empirical design.
Summary notes are supplemented with references to further reading where
appropriate. The content applies to both current and established UK construction practice.
This includes the building and maintenance of housing and other low-rise structures and the more advanced techniques applied to medium and high-rise commercial and large industrial buildings. Many examples from previous editions are kept as important references and benchmarks for newer applications.
These have evolved in response to material developments and in consideration for environmental issues, not least with regard to energy conservation measures and sustainable building.
The UK’s housing stock of about 25 million dwellings includes approximately 2 million units built in the past decade. Therefore, the aftercare of older buildings is an important part of the construction industry’s economy. In order to represent this important sector of maintenance, refurbishment, renovation and remedial work, many established practices are included in the Handbook. Modern construction processes and associated technology are incorporated in this new edition, however the content is not extensive, nor is it intended to be prescriptive. Building design and subsequent construction techniques are varied and diverse depending on availability of materials and skills. This Handbook provided guidance to achieving these objectives, but sufficient publishing space cannot cover every possibility. Therefore, the reader is encouraged to supplement their study with site observation and practice, with further reading of professional journals, legislative papers and manufacturer’s catalogues.



Content :
  • Part One General
  • Part Two Site Works
  • Part Three Builders Plant
  • Part Four Substructure
  • Part Five Superstructure
  • Part Six Superstructure
  • Part Seven Internal Construction and Finishes
  • Part Eight Domestic Services


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Earthquake Engineering: Application to Design

Earthquake Engineering: Application to Design

Charles K. Erdey

Preference :

The primary motivation for writing this book is the causes of structural failures—
what went wrong—during the earthquakes that hit the western states
in the last decades.
In view of the relatively large number of steel moment-resisting frames
damaged during the Northridge earthquake, the book expands on the evaluation
and performance of structures of this type. The pre- and post-Northridge
experimental research and new design strategies to improve moment connections
for new buildings are also discussed, keeping in mind basic building
code concepts to demonstrate the application of general strength-level load
combinations.
Topics relevant to seismic design in other areas of engineering, such as
concrete, masonry, and wood-framed buildings, are also included. An attempt
has been made to maintain a practical approach. In lieu of problem-solving,
single design issues, the book walks the reader through step-by-step design
of actual projects in moderate-to-high seismicity areas in compliance with
building regulations.
Chapter 12 introduces a new method of dynamic analysis and discusses
the causes of joint failure in steel design. Subjects like matrices, differential
equations, numerical analysis, and engineering applications are presented for
completeness and ready reference for the reader.
It is hoped that the book will help practicing engineers not yet fully familiar
with seismic design and graduating students to use the building codes in their
seismic design practice.



Content :
  • OVERVIEW
  • SEISMIC DESIGN REGULATIONS
  • REINFORCED-CONCRETE STRUCTURES
  • SEISMIC STEEL DESIGN: SMRF
  • SEISMIC STEEL DESIGN: BRACED FRAMES
  • IBC SEISMIC DESIGN OF SMRF STRUCTURES
  • MASONRY STRUCTURES
  • WOOD-FRAMED BUILDINGS
  • MATRICES IN ENGINEERING
  • DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
  • NUMERICAL METHODS AND ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS
  • METHODS AND TOOLS TO UNRAVEL SECRETS OF EARTHQUAKES
  • RECENT AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS IN SEISMIC DESIGN


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Civil Engineering Systems Analysis

Civil Engineering Systems Analysis 

Luis Amador Jimenez

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Individuals make hundreds of decisions every day, sometimes consciously but often unconciously. In doing so, we aim to achieve certain goals but, however, face restrictions. By reading this book, you aim to learn, or perhaps simply to obtain a good grade at school, but you are faced with a limited amount of time available to dedicate to it. A few personal decisions are transcendent enough to be organized into a more formal framework. Those consuming significant amounts of their own resources (purchase of a house/car or a major trip overseas) surpass a threshold level that force us to look into alternatives and to choose carefully.
This book deals with the methods and techniques that a civil engineer can use when analysing a system. It provides a means for supporting the decision-making process for the allocation of resources under circumstances with either conflicting goals or limited availability. The book presents two types of chapters; those intended to provide the basic foundations in mathematics, statistics and economics, and those that introduce and develop the application of the methods to real-world scenarios.
Civil Engineering Systems Analysis is a textbook of reference that teaches how to analyse engineering problems; however, its models are limited to the variables and facts incorporated into the analysis. Other variables and facts remaining outside the analysis should be used in a secondary stage to further reduce the set of choices or to choose the most convenient alternative.



Content :
  • Introduction to Modelling
  • Mathematical Analysis
  • Optimization and Decision Making
  • Probability and Statistics
  • Estimation and Prediction
  • Land Use and Transport Models
  • Transport and Municipal Engineering
  • Civil Infrastructure Management
  • Uncertainty


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Bridge Engineering Handbook, Fundamentals

Bridge Engineering Handbook, Fundamentals

Wai-Fah Chen and Lian Duan

Preference :

he Bridge Engineering Handbook is a unique, comprehensive, and state-of-the-art reference work and
resource book covering the major areas of bridge engineering with the theme “bridge to the twenty-irst
century.” It has been written with practicing bridge and structural engineers in mind. he ideal readers
will be MS-level structural and bridge engineers with a need for a single reference source to keep abreast
of new developments and the state-of-the-practice, as well as to review standard practices.
he areas of bridge engineering include planning, analysis and design, construction, maintenance,
and rehabilitation. To provide engineers a well-organized, user-friendly, and easy-to-follow resource,
the handbook is divided into seven sections. Section I, Fundamentals, presents conceptual design,
aesthetics, planning, design philosophies, bridge loads, structural analysis, and modeling. Section II,
Superstructure Design, reviews how to design various bridges made of concrete, steel, steel-concrete
composites, and timbers; horizontally curved, truss, arch, cable-stayed, suspension, loating, movable,
and railroad bridges; and expansion joints, deck systems, and approach slabs. Section III, Substructure
Design, addresses the various substructure components: bearings, piers and columns, towers, abutments
and retaining structures, geotechnical considerations, footings, and foundations. Section IV,
Seismic Design, provides earthquake geotechnical and damage considerations, seismic analysis and
design, seismic isolation and energy dissipation, soil–structure–foundation interactions, and seismic
retroit technology and practice. Section V, Construction and Maintenance, includes construction of
steel and concrete bridges, substructures of major overwater bridges, construction inspections, maintenance
inspection and rating, strengthening, and rehabilitation. Section VI, Special Topics, addresses
in-depth treatments of some important topics and their recent developments in bridge engineering.



Content :
  • Conceptual Design
  • Aesthetics: Basics
  • Bridge Aesthetics: Achieving Structural Art in Bridge Design
  • Planning of Major Fixed Links
  • Highway Bridge Design Specifications
  • Highway Bridge Loads and Load Distribution
  • Railroad Bridge Design Specifications
  • High-Speed Railway Bridges
  • Structural Performance Indicators for Bridges
  • Structural Theory
  • Finite Element Method
  • Structural Modeling
  • Concrete Design


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International Construction Contracts: A Handbook

International Construction Contracts: A Handbook

Smid Book

Preference :

The aim of this Handbook is to provide concise and practical guidance on the contractual aspects of international construction and engineering projects to all those involved in negotiating and managing them.
The aim is not to present an academic textbook but to set out clearly and in straightforward language the main features of construction contracts of which anyone involved in an international project should be aware. We illustrate many of these features by reference to the current, well-known
international standard form FIDIC contracts: the contract forms published since 1999 by the Fédération Internationale Des Ingénieurs-Conseils (the International Federation of Consulting Engineers). Among these FIDIC contracts are two design-build forms, the Yellow and the Silver Books, and we examine these systematically in the second part of this Handbook. We focus on them because design-build contracting, in which the contractor takes responsibility for all or most of the design, is increasingly the norm in international projects. This Handbook covers such basic questions as: What is a contract? How is a contract to be distinguished from the various negotiations taking place between the parties before the contract is formed? How are the risks of construction typically allocated between the parties to a construction contract? And what do features of the FIDIC Red and Silver Books, for example, tell us about risk allocation in different types of project structure? One important type of structure we look at are concession-type projects.
Disputes and how to resolve them are important features of the management of any project. If the project goes badly and one or other party suffers some detriment, how can that party pursue a claim? How might such a claim be resolved?
We examine mediation, conciliation, litigation and arbitration as well as ’ intermediate ’ processes such as dispute review boards in answering these questions. Arbitration requires special attention as the principal formal means by which international construction disputes are finally resolved. We look at the different international arbitration bodies, and recent developments in international arbitration
such as the growth of regional centres in the Middle East and Asia Pacific. In order to illustrate how an international arbitration might actually work, we provide a fully worked-out example of a fictitious London-sited International Chamber of Commerce arbitration from start to finish. This includes example ‘pleadings’, a detailed case narrative and commentary on events, and an example arbitration award.



Content :
  • Contract 
  • Risk
  • Types of Construction Contract
  • The FIDIC Design‐Build Contracts 
  • Disputes and How to Resolve Them
  • Yugo Design Company v Sino Industries Corporation: An International Chamber of Commerce Arbitration
  • Rules of Arbitration of the Singapore International Arbitration Centre


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Safety Management: Near Miss Identification, Recognition, and Investigation

Safety Management: Near Miss Identification, Recognition, and Investigation

Ron C. McKinnon

Preference :

Definitions: The definitions of the terms used throughout this book will be repeated in a number of chapters. The reason for this seeming duplication is to clearly explain the concepts so that a clear understanding is given as to what an accident, near miss incident, or other concept is and how it is defined.
CLEARING THE CONFUSION
Experience gained in many organizations internationally has shown that confusion exists within organizations, as well as within the safety and health profession, as to what a near miss incident is and how to identify it in relation to an accident, incident, and unsafe (high risk) behaviors and conditions. This uncertainty has led to near miss incidents being incorrectly labeled and, consequently, almost forgotten. Some also teach that all near miss incidents must be investigated—an almost impossible and impracticable task. If there is confusion within the minds of safety professionals, that confusion is passed on to employees and management and the end result is that near misses are not recognized, reported, or acted upon. This confusion is possibly the reason for near miss incident reporting systems not existing, or the failed attempts at near miss incident reporting in organizations.
Once understanding is reached as to what exactly a near miss incident is, near miss recognition is much easier. The approach taken in this publication is to keep the concepts simple so that all can understand the difference between the various concepts.



Content :
  • Introduction
  • The Safety Philosophy behind Near Miss Incidents
  • Safety Management Functions That Relate to Near Miss Incidents
  • Safety Management Principles Relating to Near Miss Incidents
  • Near Miss Incidents, Myths and Safety Paradigms
  • Safety and Health Policies
  • Near Miss Incident Risk Management and Assessment
  • Safety Auditing
  • Near Miss Incident and Accident Recall
  • How to Motivate for Safety
  • Implementing a Near Miss Incident System: Introduction
  • Implementing a Near Miss Incident Reporting System: Implementaion
  • Summary


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