International Construction Contracts: A Handbook

International Construction Contracts: A Handbook

Smid Book

Preference :

The aim of this Handbook is to provide concise and practical guidance on the contractual aspects of international construction and engineering projects to all those involved in negotiating and managing them.
The aim is not to present an academic textbook but to set out clearly and in straightforward language the main features of construction contracts of which anyone involved in an international project should be aware. We illustrate many of these features by reference to the current, well-known
international standard form FIDIC contracts: the contract forms published since 1999 by the Fédération Internationale Des Ingénieurs-Conseils (the International Federation of Consulting Engineers). Among these FIDIC contracts are two design-build forms, the Yellow and the Silver Books, and we examine these systematically in the second part of this Handbook. We focus on them because design-build contracting, in which the contractor takes responsibility for all or most of the design, is increasingly the norm in international projects. This Handbook covers such basic questions as: What is a contract? How is a contract to be distinguished from the various negotiations taking place between the parties before the contract is formed? How are the risks of construction typically allocated between the parties to a construction contract? And what do features of the FIDIC Red and Silver Books, for example, tell us about risk allocation in different types of project structure? One important type of structure we look at are concession-type projects.
Disputes and how to resolve them are important features of the management of any project. If the project goes badly and one or other party suffers some detriment, how can that party pursue a claim? How might such a claim be resolved?
We examine mediation, conciliation, litigation and arbitration as well as ’ intermediate ’ processes such as dispute review boards in answering these questions. Arbitration requires special attention as the principal formal means by which international construction disputes are finally resolved. We look at the different international arbitration bodies, and recent developments in international arbitration
such as the growth of regional centres in the Middle East and Asia Pacific. In order to illustrate how an international arbitration might actually work, we provide a fully worked-out example of a fictitious London-sited International Chamber of Commerce arbitration from start to finish. This includes example ‘pleadings’, a detailed case narrative and commentary on events, and an example arbitration award.



Content :
  • Contract 
  • Risk
  • Types of Construction Contract
  • The FIDIC Design‐Build Contracts 
  • Disputes and How to Resolve Them
  • Yugo Design Company v Sino Industries Corporation: An International Chamber of Commerce Arbitration
  • Rules of Arbitration of the Singapore International Arbitration Centre


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Safety Management: Near Miss Identification, Recognition, and Investigation

Safety Management: Near Miss Identification, Recognition, and Investigation

Ron C. McKinnon

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Definitions: The definitions of the terms used throughout this book will be repeated in a number of chapters. The reason for this seeming duplication is to clearly explain the concepts so that a clear understanding is given as to what an accident, near miss incident, or other concept is and how it is defined.
CLEARING THE CONFUSION
Experience gained in many organizations internationally has shown that confusion exists within organizations, as well as within the safety and health profession, as to what a near miss incident is and how to identify it in relation to an accident, incident, and unsafe (high risk) behaviors and conditions. This uncertainty has led to near miss incidents being incorrectly labeled and, consequently, almost forgotten. Some also teach that all near miss incidents must be investigated—an almost impossible and impracticable task. If there is confusion within the minds of safety professionals, that confusion is passed on to employees and management and the end result is that near misses are not recognized, reported, or acted upon. This confusion is possibly the reason for near miss incident reporting systems not existing, or the failed attempts at near miss incident reporting in organizations.
Once understanding is reached as to what exactly a near miss incident is, near miss recognition is much easier. The approach taken in this publication is to keep the concepts simple so that all can understand the difference between the various concepts.



Content :
  • Introduction
  • The Safety Philosophy behind Near Miss Incidents
  • Safety Management Functions That Relate to Near Miss Incidents
  • Safety Management Principles Relating to Near Miss Incidents
  • Near Miss Incidents, Myths and Safety Paradigms
  • Safety and Health Policies
  • Near Miss Incident Risk Management and Assessment
  • Safety Auditing
  • Near Miss Incident and Accident Recall
  • How to Motivate for Safety
  • Implementing a Near Miss Incident System: Introduction
  • Implementing a Near Miss Incident Reporting System: Implementaion
  • Summary


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The Electric Power Engineering Handbook

The Electric Power Engineering Handbook

Ed. L.L. Grigsby

Preference :

The generation, delivery, and utilization of electric power and energy remain among the most challenging and exciting fields of electrical engineering. The astounding technological developments of our age are highly dependent upon a safe, reliable, and economic supply of electric power. The objective of The Electric Power Engineering Handbook is to provide a contemporary overview of this far-reaching field as well as a useful guide and educational resource for its study. It is intended to define electric power engineering by bringing together the core of knowledge from all of the many topics encompassed by the field. The articles are written primarily for the electric power engineering professional who is seeking factual information and secondarily for the professional from other engineering disciplines who wants an overview of the entire field or specific information on one aspect of it.
The book is organized into 15 sections in an attempt to provide comprehensive coverage of the
generation, transformation, transmission, distribution, and utilization of electric power and energy as
well as the modeling, analysis, planning, design, monitoring, and control of electric power systems. The individual articles within the 15 sections are different from most technical publications. They are not journal type articles nor are they textbook in nature. They are intended to be tutorials or overviews providing ready access to needed information, while at the same time providing sufficient references to more in-depth coverage of the topic. This work is a member of the Electrical Engineering Handbook Series published by CRC Press. Since its inception in 1993, this series has been dedicated to the concept that when readers refer to a handbook on a particular topic they should be able to find what they need to know about the subject at least 80% of the time. That has indeed been the goal of this handbook.
In reading the individual articles of this handbook, I have been most favorably impressed by how well

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Content :
  • 1 Electric Power Generation: Non-Conventional Methods
  • 2 Electric Power Generation: Conventional Methods
  • 3 Transformers
  • 4 Transmission System
  • 5 Substations
  • 6 Distribution Systems
  • 7 Electric Power Utilization
  • 8 Power System Analysis and Simulation
  • 9 Power System Protection
  • 10 Power System Transients
  • 11 Power System Dynamics and Stability
  • 12 Power System Operation and Control
  • 13 Power System Planning (Reliability)
  • 14 Power Electronics
  • 15 Power Quality


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Datacom Equipment Power Trends and Cooling Applications, 2nd Edition

Datacom Equipment Power Trends and Cooling Applications, 2nd Edition



Preference :

It is important to consider the fundamental definition of trend, which for this book is defined as the general direction in which something tends to move. The trends referenced or presented in this book should not be taken literally but rather considered as a general indication of both the direction and the magnitude of the subject matter. The intended audience for this document includes

• planners and managers of datacom facilities,
• facility design teams planning and designing datacom facilities, and
• facility architects and engineers who require insight on datacom equipment energy density and installation planning trends.

The variety of backgrounds and educational and practical experience among the intended audience can result in many different methods used to apply the information in this book. Fortunately, the book is designed for these multiple methods with the understanding that any methodology employed focuses on the concept of growth patterns.
Some practical examples of ways the growth patterns can be extracted are provided in this book, but there are additional methods that can be considered in the planning, design, and operation of a datacom facility. The growth patterns can use any baseline and provide a mathematical road map to the future. The baseline can use any metrics or units that make the most sense for the reader.




Content :
  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Component Power Trends
  • Load Trends and Their Application
  • Air Cooling of Computer Equipment
  • Liquid Cooling of Computer Equipment
  • Practical Example of Trends to Data Center Design
  • Introduction to Appendices
  • Appendix A—Glossary
  • Appendix B—Additional Power Trend Chart Information/Data


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Electrical Wiring Domestic 10th Edition

Electrical Wiring Domestic 10th Edition 

Smid Book

Preference :

Electric Wiring: Domestic has for many years been acknowledged as the standard guide to the practical aspects of domestic electric wiring. It seeks to address the areas of most concern to the qualified electrician, especially design and testing. It will also be a useful addition to the resources available for students working towards NVQs or City & Guilds qualifications. This book is also a vital reference source for many other professionals and operatives whose work demands a knowledge of electrical installations, including electrical engineers, heating engineers, architects and maintenance staff. The contents will be of value to those intending to gain a Domestic Installer Scheme Qualification which relates to Part ‘P’ of the Building Regulations. It is not
intended as a DIY manual, although some non-qualified persons may find certain topics useful before calling in qualified operatives. The contents of this new edition cover current professional best practice and are fully compliant with the 17th Edition IEE Wiring Regulations.




Content :
  • CHAPTER 1 The UK Generation, Transmission and Distribution System
  • CHAPTER 2 Domestic Electrical Installations
  • CHAPTER 3 The Importance of Earthing and Bonding
  • CHAPTER 4 Bathrooms
  • CHAPTER 5 Protection
  • CHAPTER 6 Circuit Design
  • CHAPTER 7 Inspection and Testing
  • CHAPTER 8 Security Alarm and Telephone Systems
  • APPENDIX 1 Basic Electrical Theory Revision
  • APPENDIX 2 Conductor Identification, Notices and Warning Labels


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Construction Inspection Manual 8th Edition

Construction Inspection Manual 8th Edition

William D. Mahoney

Preference :

Today, more than ever, construction requires a team effort. The escalation of costs, the need for faster scheduling and changes in the industry require full cooperation and understanding among all the parties. Successful production of the work under the traditional process requires the utmost order and efficiency to obtain the highest potential benefits. This goal can be reached only through the understanding that all parties have a mutual function and obligation to perform. Successful construction requires continuous checking, coordination, foresight, good judgment and overlapping
efforts by informed and qualified parties. The following parts reflect the Editorial Committee’s recommendations concerning the duties and responsibilities of the construction inspector, design
professional (architect/engineer), contractor/subcontractor, owner, lawyer, manufacturer’s representative and special consultants.

By definition, a contract is a legally enforceable agreement that sets forth the obligations of each party to the other. Any violation of these obligations (breach) can expose the party committing the breach to sanctions of law. The significant benefit of having an agreement is that a mutual understanding is developed by communicating expectations through clear definition of scope
and general/terms and conditions. Contracts come in many shapes and sizes. The most recognized standard document is the Standard Form of Agreement Between Owner and Architect –
AIA B141; however, many public owners, major private enterprises and design firms use their own “custom contracts”. In order to provide contracts that equitably serve the interest of both parties and meet the specific concerns of the project, amendments to both standard AIA and custom agreements are negotiated. It is of the utmost importance that the project inspector thoroughly review the agreements and the family of documents that define duties and responsibilities among the construction team composed of the owner, contractor and architect. The AIA A201/General Conditions of the Contract for Construction is the part of this family of contract documents that
establishes the ground rules for this construction team, where contractual relationships exist between the owner and the contractor and the owner and the architect but not between the contractor and the architect. Additionally, the supplementary conditions are prepared to modify the provisions of the general conditions in order to meet the particular requirements of the project by changing, adding to or deleting this document. The general conditions can also be drafted as “custom general conditions” by many public owners and major private enterprises.



Content :
  • INTRODUCTION
  • RECOMMENDED DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
  • STANDARDS AND CODES
  • CHECKLIST FOR FIELD INSPECTION
  • COORDINATION
  • PROJECT LOCATION


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Power Line Communications: Principles, Standards and Applications

Power Line Communications: Principles, Standards and Applications 

Lutz Lampe, Andrea M. Tonello

Preference :

Power line communications (PLC) reuse existing infrastructures (i.e. power lines) whose
primary purpose is the delivery of AC (50 Hz or 60 Hz) or DC electric power, for the purpose
of data communications. Hence, compared to the electric power ‘signal’, PLC uses highfrequency
signals with frequency components starting from a few hundred Hz up to a few
hundred MHz. The plurality of frequency bands used for PLC is related to different applications
supported by PLC and their data-rate requirements, the specifics of grid topologies over which
PLC is applied, as well as the ability of PLC technology to deal with the harsh communication
environment. Before elaborating on this further, we first briefly review the terminology that
has been used to describe PLC.

This book is the second edition of Power Line Communications: Theory and Applications for
Narrowband and Broadband Communications over Power Lines published in 2010. As for
the first edition, it has been our intention to present the most comprehensive coverage of the
technical field of power line communications (PLC) that is available in a single publication. The
scope of this book is uniquely wide, not only for a book on PLC. Compared to the first edition,
the content has been updated and in part restructured. In particular, we have significantly
expanded the part dedicated to applications of PLC, which is attributed to the further maturity
of PLC technology in terms of consolidated specifications and standards and also reflected in
the modification of the subtitle for this edition. Furthermore, recent innovations and changes
related to channel characterization, transmission techniques and regulation are included in this
edition.



Content :
  • Preface
  • Channel Characterization
  • Electromagnetic Compatibility
  • Coupling
  • Digital Transmission Techniques
  • Medium Access Control and Layers Above in PLC
  • PLC for Home and Industry Automation
  • Multimedia PLC Systems
  • PLC for Smart Grid
  • PLC for Vehicles
  • Conclusions


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