Formwork for Concrete Structures, 4th Edition

Formwork for Concrete Structures, 4th Edition

Robert L. Peurifoy

Preference :

This book is written for architects, engineers, and constructors who are responsible for designing and/or building formwork and temporary structures during the construction process. It is also designed to serve either as a textbook for a course in timber and formwork design or as a reference for systematic self-study of the subject. A new chapter on the design of wood members for formwork and temporary structures has been added to this edition. Numerous example problems have been added throughout the text to illustrate practical applications for calculating loads, stresses, and designing members. New summary tables have been added to assist the reader in understanding the concepts and techniques of designing formwork and temporary structures. This fourth edition has been developed with the latest structural design recommendations by the National Design Specification (NDS 2005), published by the American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA). In writing this edition, an effort has been made to conform to the intent of this reference document. The material presented is suggested as a guide only, and final responsibility lies with the designer of formwork and temporary structures.

Many patented systems and commercial accessories are available to increase the speed and safety of erecting formwork. Numerous figures and photographs are presented to introduce the reader to the available forming systems for walls, columns, beams, and slabs.




Content :
  • Introduction
  • Economy of Formwork
  • Pressure of Concrete on Formwork
  • Properties of Form Material
  • Design of Wood Members for Formwork
  • Shores and Scaffolding
  • Failures of Formwork
  • Forms for Footings
  • Forms for Walls
  • Forms for Columns
  • Forms for Beams and Floor Slabs
  • Patented Forms for Concrete Floor Systems
  • Forms for Concrete Bridge Decks
  • Flying Deck Forms


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Handbook of Building Materials for Fire Protection Book

Handbook of Building Materials for Fire Protection Book

Charles A. Harper

Preference :

While always important, the broad field of fire protection has, in recent years, appropriately received
ever-increasing attention. Higher concentrations of people and buildings, wider use of materials in
processing, more critical and costly equipment and systems, all contribute to the need for greater
understanding and control of fire protection in materials, systems, and fabrication and processing
operations. Fortunately, both academia and business have risen to meet the challenge. Many universities
now have outstanding degree courses in fire protection, and an increasing number of businesses
are including fire protection specialists in their organizations. All of this is becoming increasingly
unified through excellent professional associations.

Since, in one way or another, materials are the source of fire and fire hazards, it is appropriate
that a broad-ranging book be provided for those having interests or needs in the use of materials in
analysis, design, fabrication, and processing. This new Handbook of Building Materials for Fire
Protection is the first major book devoted completely to materials. As such, it will be invaluable to
all of those in this field, and to all others having fire and safety concerns. I feel honored to serve as
Editor for this book, and to have had the opportunity to work with the group of truly outstanding
people who are the chapter authors for the book. A look at the list of contributors on page xi shows
clearly that this is a group of well known and highly respected people in the field of fire protection.
Their contributions to this field are invaluable, and their stature is unequaled. The information, data,
and guidelines provided in their chapters will be a source of great importance to all of the readers of
this sourcebook.



Content :
  • Fundamentals of the Fire Hazards of Materials
  • Materials Specifications, Standards, and Testing
  • Plastics and Rubber
  • Flame Retardants for Plastics
  • FIBERS AND FABRICS
  • Structural Materials
  • Wood and Wood Products
  • Liquids and Chemicals
  • Materials in Military Applications


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Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures By M.L Gambhir

Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures By M.L Gambhir

M.L Gambhir

Preference :

Designed primarily as a text for the undergraduate students of civil engineering, this compact and well-organized text presents all the basic topics of reinforced concrete design in a comprehensive manner. The text conforms to the limit states design method as given in the latest revision of Indian Code of Practice for Plain and Reinforced Concrete, IS: 456 (2000). This book covers the applications of design concepts and provides a wealth of state-of-the-art information on design aspects of wide variety of reinforced concrete structures. However, the emphasis is on modern design approach. The text attempts to: • Present simple, efficient and systematic procedures for evolving design of concrete structures. • Make available a large amount of field tested practical data in the appendices. • Provide time saving analysis and design aids in the form of tables and charts. • Cover a large number of worked-out practical design examples and problems in each chapter. • Emphasize on development of structural sense needed for proper detailing of steel for integrated action in various parts of the structure. Besides students, practicing engineers and architects would find this text extremely useful.




Content :
  • Basic Principles of Reinforced Concrete Design
  • Design of Staircases. 
  • Design of Slabs
  • Flat Slabs
  • Yield Line Theory for Slabs. 
  • Special Structural Elements.
  • Building Frames.
  • Design of Foundations.
  • Retaining Walls.
  • Water Tanks. AppendicesAI: Gravity Loads.


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Highways The Location Design Construction and Maintenance of Road Pavements

Highways The Location Design Construction and Maintenance of Road Pavements

Smid Book

Preference :

Everybody travels, whether it be to work, play, shop, do business, or simply visit
people. All foodstuffs and raw materials must be carried from their place of origin to
that of their consumption or adaptation, and manufactured goods must be transported
to the marketplace and the consumer. Historically, people have travelled and goods
have been moved: (1) by road, i.e. by walking and riding, using humans and various
beasts to carry goods or to pull sleds, carts, carriages and wagons, and (since the
late 19th century) using cycles and motor vehicles such as cars, buses and lorries;
(2) by water, i.e. using (since early times) ships and boats on seas, rivers and canals;
(3) by rail, i.e. initially using animals (in the early 19th century) and then steam-,
oil- or electric-powered locomotives to pull passenger carriages and goods wagons;
and (4) by air, i.e. using airships and aeroplanes (in the 20th century).
Whilst the birth of the road is lost in the mists of antiquity, there is no doubt
but that the trails deliberately chosen by early man and his pack animals were the
forerunners of today’s road. As civilization developed and people’s desire for communication
increased, the early trails became pathways and the pathways evolved
into recognized travelways. Many of these early travelways – termed ridgeways – were
located high on hillsides where the underbrush was less dense and walking was easier;
they were also above soft ground in wet valleys and avoided unsafe wooded areas.
The invention of the wheel in Mesopotamia in ca 5000 BC and the subsequent
development of an axle that joined two wheels and enabled heavy loads to be
carried more easily, gave rise to wider travelways with firmer surfacings capable of
carrying concentrated loads, but with less steep connecting routes down to/up from
valleys and fordable streams. Thus trackways evolved/were created along the
contours of lower slopes, i.e. they were sufficiently above the bottoms of valleys to
ensure good drainage but low enough to obviate unnecessary climbing. The trackways
eventually became well-established trade routes along which settlements
developed, and these gave rise to hamlets and villages – some of which, eventually,
became towns and cities.



Content :
  • Road location
  • Subsurface investigations
  • Plans, specifications and contracts
  • Soils for roadworks
  • Materials used in road pavements
  • Soil-stabilized pavements
  • Surface drainage for roads
  • Subsurface moisture control for road pavements
  • Introduction to pavement design
  • Earthworks and unbound bases for pavements
  • Premixed bituminous-bound courses: standard materials
  • Design and construction of hot-mix bituminous surfacings and roadbases
  • Analytical design of flexible pavements
  • Structural maintenance of road pavements


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WIND and EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT BUILDINGS STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

WIND and EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT BUILDINGS STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

John A. Martin & Associates, Inc.

Preference :

The primary objective of this book is to disseminate information on the latest concepts,
techniques, and design data to structural engineers engaged in the design of wind- and
seismic-resistant buildings. Integral to the book are recent advances in seismic design,
particularly those related to buildings in zones of low and moderate seismicity. These
stipulations, reflected in the latest provisions of American Society of Civil Engineers
(ASCE) 7-02, International Building Code (IBC)-03, and National Fire Protection Association
(NFPA) 5000, are likely to be adopted as a design standard by local code agencies.
There now exists the unprecedented possibility of a single standard becoming a basis for
earthquake-resistant design virtually in the entire United States, as well as in other nations
that base their codes on U.S. practices. By incorporating these and the latest provisions
of American Concrete Institute (ACI) 318-02, American Institute of Steel Construction
(AISC) 341-02, and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) 356 and 350 series,
this book equips designers with up-to-date information to execute safe designs, in accordance
with the latest regulations.
Chapter 1 presents methods of determining design wind loads using the provisions
of ASCE 7-02, National Building Code of Canada (NBCC) 1995, and 1997 Uniform
Building Code (UBC). Wind-tunnel procedures are discussed, including analytical methods
for determining along-wind and across-wind response.
Chapter 2 discusses the seismic design of buildings, emphasizing their behavior
under large inelastic cyclic deformations. Design provisions of ASCE 7-02 (IBC-03, NFPA
5000) and UBC-97 that call for detailing requirements to assure seismic performance
beyond the elastic range are discussed using static, dynamic, and time-history procedures.
The foregone design approach—in which the magnitude of seismic force and level of
detailing were strictly a function of the structure’s location—is compared with the most
recent provisions, in which these are not only a function of the structure’s location, but
also of its use and occupancy, and the type of soil it rests upon. This comparison will be
particularly useful for engineers practicing in many seismically low- and moderate-risk
areas of the United States, who previously did not have to deal with seismic design and
detailing, but are now obligated to do so. Also explored are the seismic design of structural
elements, nonstructural components, and equipment. The chapter concludes with a review
of structural dynamic theory.





Content :
  • Wind Loads
  • Seismic Design
  • Steel Buildings
  • Concrete Buildings
  • Composite Buildings
  • Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings
  • Gravity Systems
  • Special Topics


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Design of Liquid Retaining Concrete Structures Third Edition

Design of Liquid Retaining Concrete Structures Third Edition

J.P. Forth and A.J. Martin

Preference :

It is common practice to use reinforced or prestressed concrete structures for the
storage of water and other aqueous liquids. Similar design methods may also be used
to design basements in buildings where groundwater must be excluded. For such purposes
as these, concrete is generally the most economical material of construction
and, when correctly designed and constructed, will provide long life and low maintenance
costs. The design methods given in this book are appropriate for the following
types of structure (all of which are in-line with the scope of Part 3 of Eurocode 2,
BS EN 1992-3, 2006): storage tanks, reservoirs, swimming pools, elevated tanks (not
the tower supporting the tank), ponds, settlement tanks, basement walls, and similar
structures (Figures 1.1 and 1.2). Specifically excluded are dams, structures subjected
to dynamic forces, and pipelines, aqueducts or other types of structure for the conveyance
of liquids.
It is convenient to discuss designs for the retention of water, but the principles
apply equally to the retention of other aqueous liquids. In particular, sewage tanks
are included. The pressures on a structure may have to be calculated using a specific
gravity greater than unity, where the stored liquid is of greater density than water.
Throughout this book, it is assumed that water is the retained liquid unless any other
qualification is made. The term ‘structure’ is used in the book to describe the vessel or
container that retains or excludes the liquid.

A structure that is designed to retain liquids must fulfill the requirements for normal
structures in having adequate strength, durability, and freedom from excessive cracking
or deflection. In addition, it must be designed so that the liquid is not allowed
to leak or percolate through the concrete structure. In the design of normal building
structures, the most critical aspect of the design is to ensure that the structure retains
its stability under the applied (permanent and variable) actions. In the design of structures
to retain liquids, it is usual to find that if the structure has been proportioned and
reinforced so that the liquid is retained without leakage (i.e. satisfying the Serviceability
Limit State, SLS), then the strength (the Ultimate Limit State, ULS requirements)



Content :
  • Introduction
  • Basis of design and materials
  • Design of reinforced concrete
  • Design of prestressed concrete
  • Distribution reinforcement and joints: Design for thermal stresses and shrinkage in restrained panels
  • Design calculations
  • Testing and rectification
  • Vapour exclusion


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BUILDING CONSTRUCTION HANDBOOK Eighth edition

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION HANDBOOK Eighth edition

R. Chudley and R. Greeno

Preference :

This edition retains the predominantly illustrative format of earlier editions, presenting the principles of building construction with comprehensive guidance to procedures with numerous examples of formulated and empirical design.
Summary notes are supplemented with references to further reading where
appropriate. The content applies to both current and established UK construction practice.
This includes the building and maintenance of housing and other low-rise structures and the more advanced techniques applied to medium and high-rise commercial and large industrial buildings. Many examples from previous editions are kept as important references and benchmarks for newer applications.
These have evolved in response to material developments and in consideration for environmental issues, not least with regard to energy conservation measures and sustainable building.
The UK’s housing stock of about 25 million dwellings includes approximately 2 million units built in the past decade. Therefore, the aftercare of older buildings is an important part of the construction industry’s economy. In order to represent this important sector of maintenance, refurbishment, renovation and remedial work, many established practices are included in the Handbook. Modern construction processes and associated technology are incorporated in this new edition, however the content is not extensive, nor is it intended to be prescriptive. Building design and subsequent construction techniques are varied and diverse depending on availability of materials and skills. This Handbook provided guidance to achieving these objectives, but sufficient publishing space cannot cover every possibility. Therefore, the reader is encouraged to supplement their study with site observation and practice, with further reading of professional journals, legislative papers and manufacturer’s catalogues.



Content :
  • Part One General
  • Part Two Site Works
  • Part Three Builders Plant
  • Part Four Substructure
  • Part Five Superstructure
  • Part Six Superstructure
  • Part Seven Internal Construction and Finishes
  • Part Eight Domestic Services


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Earthquake Engineering: Application to Design

Earthquake Engineering: Application to Design

Charles K. Erdey

Preference :

The primary motivation for writing this book is the causes of structural failures—
what went wrong—during the earthquakes that hit the western states
in the last decades.
In view of the relatively large number of steel moment-resisting frames
damaged during the Northridge earthquake, the book expands on the evaluation
and performance of structures of this type. The pre- and post-Northridge
experimental research and new design strategies to improve moment connections
for new buildings are also discussed, keeping in mind basic building
code concepts to demonstrate the application of general strength-level load
combinations.
Topics relevant to seismic design in other areas of engineering, such as
concrete, masonry, and wood-framed buildings, are also included. An attempt
has been made to maintain a practical approach. In lieu of problem-solving,
single design issues, the book walks the reader through step-by-step design
of actual projects in moderate-to-high seismicity areas in compliance with
building regulations.
Chapter 12 introduces a new method of dynamic analysis and discusses
the causes of joint failure in steel design. Subjects like matrices, differential
equations, numerical analysis, and engineering applications are presented for
completeness and ready reference for the reader.
It is hoped that the book will help practicing engineers not yet fully familiar
with seismic design and graduating students to use the building codes in their
seismic design practice.



Content :
  • OVERVIEW
  • SEISMIC DESIGN REGULATIONS
  • REINFORCED-CONCRETE STRUCTURES
  • SEISMIC STEEL DESIGN: SMRF
  • SEISMIC STEEL DESIGN: BRACED FRAMES
  • IBC SEISMIC DESIGN OF SMRF STRUCTURES
  • MASONRY STRUCTURES
  • WOOD-FRAMED BUILDINGS
  • MATRICES IN ENGINEERING
  • DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
  • NUMERICAL METHODS AND ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS
  • METHODS AND TOOLS TO UNRAVEL SECRETS OF EARTHQUAKES
  • RECENT AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS IN SEISMIC DESIGN


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Civil Engineering Systems Analysis

Civil Engineering Systems Analysis 

Luis Amador Jimenez

Preference :

Individuals make hundreds of decisions every day, sometimes consciously but often unconciously. In doing so, we aim to achieve certain goals but, however, face restrictions. By reading this book, you aim to learn, or perhaps simply to obtain a good grade at school, but you are faced with a limited amount of time available to dedicate to it. A few personal decisions are transcendent enough to be organized into a more formal framework. Those consuming significant amounts of their own resources (purchase of a house/car or a major trip overseas) surpass a threshold level that force us to look into alternatives and to choose carefully.
This book deals with the methods and techniques that a civil engineer can use when analysing a system. It provides a means for supporting the decision-making process for the allocation of resources under circumstances with either conflicting goals or limited availability. The book presents two types of chapters; those intended to provide the basic foundations in mathematics, statistics and economics, and those that introduce and develop the application of the methods to real-world scenarios.
Civil Engineering Systems Analysis is a textbook of reference that teaches how to analyse engineering problems; however, its models are limited to the variables and facts incorporated into the analysis. Other variables and facts remaining outside the analysis should be used in a secondary stage to further reduce the set of choices or to choose the most convenient alternative.



Content :
  • Introduction to Modelling
  • Mathematical Analysis
  • Optimization and Decision Making
  • Probability and Statistics
  • Estimation and Prediction
  • Land Use and Transport Models
  • Transport and Municipal Engineering
  • Civil Infrastructure Management
  • Uncertainty


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