Bridge Engineering Handbook, Fundamentals

Bridge Engineering Handbook, Fundamentals

Wai-Fah Chen and Lian Duan

Preference :

he Bridge Engineering Handbook is a unique, comprehensive, and state-of-the-art reference work and
resource book covering the major areas of bridge engineering with the theme “bridge to the twenty-irst
century.” It has been written with practicing bridge and structural engineers in mind. he ideal readers
will be MS-level structural and bridge engineers with a need for a single reference source to keep abreast
of new developments and the state-of-the-practice, as well as to review standard practices.
he areas of bridge engineering include planning, analysis and design, construction, maintenance,
and rehabilitation. To provide engineers a well-organized, user-friendly, and easy-to-follow resource,
the handbook is divided into seven sections. Section I, Fundamentals, presents conceptual design,
aesthetics, planning, design philosophies, bridge loads, structural analysis, and modeling. Section II,
Superstructure Design, reviews how to design various bridges made of concrete, steel, steel-concrete
composites, and timbers; horizontally curved, truss, arch, cable-stayed, suspension, loating, movable,
and railroad bridges; and expansion joints, deck systems, and approach slabs. Section III, Substructure
Design, addresses the various substructure components: bearings, piers and columns, towers, abutments
and retaining structures, geotechnical considerations, footings, and foundations. Section IV,
Seismic Design, provides earthquake geotechnical and damage considerations, seismic analysis and
design, seismic isolation and energy dissipation, soil–structure–foundation interactions, and seismic
retroit technology and practice. Section V, Construction and Maintenance, includes construction of
steel and concrete bridges, substructures of major overwater bridges, construction inspections, maintenance
inspection and rating, strengthening, and rehabilitation. Section VI, Special Topics, addresses
in-depth treatments of some important topics and their recent developments in bridge engineering.



Content :
  • Conceptual Design
  • Aesthetics: Basics
  • Bridge Aesthetics: Achieving Structural Art in Bridge Design
  • Planning of Major Fixed Links
  • Highway Bridge Design Specifications
  • Highway Bridge Loads and Load Distribution
  • Railroad Bridge Design Specifications
  • High-Speed Railway Bridges
  • Structural Performance Indicators for Bridges
  • Structural Theory
  • Finite Element Method
  • Structural Modeling
  • Concrete Design


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International Construction Contracts: A Handbook

International Construction Contracts: A Handbook

Smid Book

Preference :

The aim of this Handbook is to provide concise and practical guidance on the contractual aspects of international construction and engineering projects to all those involved in negotiating and managing them.
The aim is not to present an academic textbook but to set out clearly and in straightforward language the main features of construction contracts of which anyone involved in an international project should be aware. We illustrate many of these features by reference to the current, well-known
international standard form FIDIC contracts: the contract forms published since 1999 by the Fédération Internationale Des Ingénieurs-Conseils (the International Federation of Consulting Engineers). Among these FIDIC contracts are two design-build forms, the Yellow and the Silver Books, and we examine these systematically in the second part of this Handbook. We focus on them because design-build contracting, in which the contractor takes responsibility for all or most of the design, is increasingly the norm in international projects. This Handbook covers such basic questions as: What is a contract? How is a contract to be distinguished from the various negotiations taking place between the parties before the contract is formed? How are the risks of construction typically allocated between the parties to a construction contract? And what do features of the FIDIC Red and Silver Books, for example, tell us about risk allocation in different types of project structure? One important type of structure we look at are concession-type projects.
Disputes and how to resolve them are important features of the management of any project. If the project goes badly and one or other party suffers some detriment, how can that party pursue a claim? How might such a claim be resolved?
We examine mediation, conciliation, litigation and arbitration as well as ’ intermediate ’ processes such as dispute review boards in answering these questions. Arbitration requires special attention as the principal formal means by which international construction disputes are finally resolved. We look at the different international arbitration bodies, and recent developments in international arbitration
such as the growth of regional centres in the Middle East and Asia Pacific. In order to illustrate how an international arbitration might actually work, we provide a fully worked-out example of a fictitious London-sited International Chamber of Commerce arbitration from start to finish. This includes example ‘pleadings’, a detailed case narrative and commentary on events, and an example arbitration award.



Content :
  • Contract 
  • Risk
  • Types of Construction Contract
  • The FIDIC Design‐Build Contracts 
  • Disputes and How to Resolve Them
  • Yugo Design Company v Sino Industries Corporation: An International Chamber of Commerce Arbitration
  • Rules of Arbitration of the Singapore International Arbitration Centre


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Safety Management: Near Miss Identification, Recognition, and Investigation

Safety Management: Near Miss Identification, Recognition, and Investigation

Ron C. McKinnon

Preference :

Definitions: The definitions of the terms used throughout this book will be repeated in a number of chapters. The reason for this seeming duplication is to clearly explain the concepts so that a clear understanding is given as to what an accident, near miss incident, or other concept is and how it is defined.
CLEARING THE CONFUSION
Experience gained in many organizations internationally has shown that confusion exists within organizations, as well as within the safety and health profession, as to what a near miss incident is and how to identify it in relation to an accident, incident, and unsafe (high risk) behaviors and conditions. This uncertainty has led to near miss incidents being incorrectly labeled and, consequently, almost forgotten. Some also teach that all near miss incidents must be investigated—an almost impossible and impracticable task. If there is confusion within the minds of safety professionals, that confusion is passed on to employees and management and the end result is that near misses are not recognized, reported, or acted upon. This confusion is possibly the reason for near miss incident reporting systems not existing, or the failed attempts at near miss incident reporting in organizations.
Once understanding is reached as to what exactly a near miss incident is, near miss recognition is much easier. The approach taken in this publication is to keep the concepts simple so that all can understand the difference between the various concepts.



Content :
  • Introduction
  • The Safety Philosophy behind Near Miss Incidents
  • Safety Management Functions That Relate to Near Miss Incidents
  • Safety Management Principles Relating to Near Miss Incidents
  • Near Miss Incidents, Myths and Safety Paradigms
  • Safety and Health Policies
  • Near Miss Incident Risk Management and Assessment
  • Safety Auditing
  • Near Miss Incident and Accident Recall
  • How to Motivate for Safety
  • Implementing a Near Miss Incident System: Introduction
  • Implementing a Near Miss Incident Reporting System: Implementaion
  • Summary


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The Electric Power Engineering Handbook

The Electric Power Engineering Handbook

Ed. L.L. Grigsby

Preference :

The generation, delivery, and utilization of electric power and energy remain among the most challenging and exciting fields of electrical engineering. The astounding technological developments of our age are highly dependent upon a safe, reliable, and economic supply of electric power. The objective of The Electric Power Engineering Handbook is to provide a contemporary overview of this far-reaching field as well as a useful guide and educational resource for its study. It is intended to define electric power engineering by bringing together the core of knowledge from all of the many topics encompassed by the field. The articles are written primarily for the electric power engineering professional who is seeking factual information and secondarily for the professional from other engineering disciplines who wants an overview of the entire field or specific information on one aspect of it.
The book is organized into 15 sections in an attempt to provide comprehensive coverage of the
generation, transformation, transmission, distribution, and utilization of electric power and energy as
well as the modeling, analysis, planning, design, monitoring, and control of electric power systems. The individual articles within the 15 sections are different from most technical publications. They are not journal type articles nor are they textbook in nature. They are intended to be tutorials or overviews providing ready access to needed information, while at the same time providing sufficient references to more in-depth coverage of the topic. This work is a member of the Electrical Engineering Handbook Series published by CRC Press. Since its inception in 1993, this series has been dedicated to the concept that when readers refer to a handbook on a particular topic they should be able to find what they need to know about the subject at least 80% of the time. That has indeed been the goal of this handbook.
In reading the individual articles of this handbook, I have been most favorably impressed by how well

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Content :
  • 1 Electric Power Generation: Non-Conventional Methods
  • 2 Electric Power Generation: Conventional Methods
  • 3 Transformers
  • 4 Transmission System
  • 5 Substations
  • 6 Distribution Systems
  • 7 Electric Power Utilization
  • 8 Power System Analysis and Simulation
  • 9 Power System Protection
  • 10 Power System Transients
  • 11 Power System Dynamics and Stability
  • 12 Power System Operation and Control
  • 13 Power System Planning (Reliability)
  • 14 Power Electronics
  • 15 Power Quality


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Datacom Equipment Power Trends and Cooling Applications, 2nd Edition

Datacom Equipment Power Trends and Cooling Applications, 2nd Edition



Preference :

It is important to consider the fundamental definition of trend, which for this book is defined as the general direction in which something tends to move. The trends referenced or presented in this book should not be taken literally but rather considered as a general indication of both the direction and the magnitude of the subject matter. The intended audience for this document includes

• planners and managers of datacom facilities,
• facility design teams planning and designing datacom facilities, and
• facility architects and engineers who require insight on datacom equipment energy density and installation planning trends.

The variety of backgrounds and educational and practical experience among the intended audience can result in many different methods used to apply the information in this book. Fortunately, the book is designed for these multiple methods with the understanding that any methodology employed focuses on the concept of growth patterns.
Some practical examples of ways the growth patterns can be extracted are provided in this book, but there are additional methods that can be considered in the planning, design, and operation of a datacom facility. The growth patterns can use any baseline and provide a mathematical road map to the future. The baseline can use any metrics or units that make the most sense for the reader.




Content :
  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Component Power Trends
  • Load Trends and Their Application
  • Air Cooling of Computer Equipment
  • Liquid Cooling of Computer Equipment
  • Practical Example of Trends to Data Center Design
  • Introduction to Appendices
  • Appendix A—Glossary
  • Appendix B—Additional Power Trend Chart Information/Data


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Electrical Wiring Domestic 10th Edition

Electrical Wiring Domestic 10th Edition 

Smid Book

Preference :

Electric Wiring: Domestic has for many years been acknowledged as the standard guide to the practical aspects of domestic electric wiring. It seeks to address the areas of most concern to the qualified electrician, especially design and testing. It will also be a useful addition to the resources available for students working towards NVQs or City & Guilds qualifications. This book is also a vital reference source for many other professionals and operatives whose work demands a knowledge of electrical installations, including electrical engineers, heating engineers, architects and maintenance staff. The contents will be of value to those intending to gain a Domestic Installer Scheme Qualification which relates to Part ‘P’ of the Building Regulations. It is not
intended as a DIY manual, although some non-qualified persons may find certain topics useful before calling in qualified operatives. The contents of this new edition cover current professional best practice and are fully compliant with the 17th Edition IEE Wiring Regulations.




Content :
  • CHAPTER 1 The UK Generation, Transmission and Distribution System
  • CHAPTER 2 Domestic Electrical Installations
  • CHAPTER 3 The Importance of Earthing and Bonding
  • CHAPTER 4 Bathrooms
  • CHAPTER 5 Protection
  • CHAPTER 6 Circuit Design
  • CHAPTER 7 Inspection and Testing
  • CHAPTER 8 Security Alarm and Telephone Systems
  • APPENDIX 1 Basic Electrical Theory Revision
  • APPENDIX 2 Conductor Identification, Notices and Warning Labels


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Construction Inspection Manual 8th Edition

Construction Inspection Manual 8th Edition

William D. Mahoney

Preference :

Today, more than ever, construction requires a team effort. The escalation of costs, the need for faster scheduling and changes in the industry require full cooperation and understanding among all the parties. Successful production of the work under the traditional process requires the utmost order and efficiency to obtain the highest potential benefits. This goal can be reached only through the understanding that all parties have a mutual function and obligation to perform. Successful construction requires continuous checking, coordination, foresight, good judgment and overlapping
efforts by informed and qualified parties. The following parts reflect the Editorial Committee’s recommendations concerning the duties and responsibilities of the construction inspector, design
professional (architect/engineer), contractor/subcontractor, owner, lawyer, manufacturer’s representative and special consultants.

By definition, a contract is a legally enforceable agreement that sets forth the obligations of each party to the other. Any violation of these obligations (breach) can expose the party committing the breach to sanctions of law. The significant benefit of having an agreement is that a mutual understanding is developed by communicating expectations through clear definition of scope
and general/terms and conditions. Contracts come in many shapes and sizes. The most recognized standard document is the Standard Form of Agreement Between Owner and Architect –
AIA B141; however, many public owners, major private enterprises and design firms use their own “custom contracts”. In order to provide contracts that equitably serve the interest of both parties and meet the specific concerns of the project, amendments to both standard AIA and custom agreements are negotiated. It is of the utmost importance that the project inspector thoroughly review the agreements and the family of documents that define duties and responsibilities among the construction team composed of the owner, contractor and architect. The AIA A201/General Conditions of the Contract for Construction is the part of this family of contract documents that
establishes the ground rules for this construction team, where contractual relationships exist between the owner and the contractor and the owner and the architect but not between the contractor and the architect. Additionally, the supplementary conditions are prepared to modify the provisions of the general conditions in order to meet the particular requirements of the project by changing, adding to or deleting this document. The general conditions can also be drafted as “custom general conditions” by many public owners and major private enterprises.



Content :
  • INTRODUCTION
  • RECOMMENDED DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
  • STANDARDS AND CODES
  • CHECKLIST FOR FIELD INSPECTION
  • COORDINATION
  • PROJECT LOCATION


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Power Line Communications: Principles, Standards and Applications

Power Line Communications: Principles, Standards and Applications 

Lutz Lampe, Andrea M. Tonello

Preference :

Power line communications (PLC) reuse existing infrastructures (i.e. power lines) whose
primary purpose is the delivery of AC (50 Hz or 60 Hz) or DC electric power, for the purpose
of data communications. Hence, compared to the electric power ‘signal’, PLC uses highfrequency
signals with frequency components starting from a few hundred Hz up to a few
hundred MHz. The plurality of frequency bands used for PLC is related to different applications
supported by PLC and their data-rate requirements, the specifics of grid topologies over which
PLC is applied, as well as the ability of PLC technology to deal with the harsh communication
environment. Before elaborating on this further, we first briefly review the terminology that
has been used to describe PLC.

This book is the second edition of Power Line Communications: Theory and Applications for
Narrowband and Broadband Communications over Power Lines published in 2010. As for
the first edition, it has been our intention to present the most comprehensive coverage of the
technical field of power line communications (PLC) that is available in a single publication. The
scope of this book is uniquely wide, not only for a book on PLC. Compared to the first edition,
the content has been updated and in part restructured. In particular, we have significantly
expanded the part dedicated to applications of PLC, which is attributed to the further maturity
of PLC technology in terms of consolidated specifications and standards and also reflected in
the modification of the subtitle for this edition. Furthermore, recent innovations and changes
related to channel characterization, transmission techniques and regulation are included in this
edition.



Content :
  • Preface
  • Channel Characterization
  • Electromagnetic Compatibility
  • Coupling
  • Digital Transmission Techniques
  • Medium Access Control and Layers Above in PLC
  • PLC for Home and Industry Automation
  • Multimedia PLC Systems
  • PLC for Smart Grid
  • PLC for Vehicles
  • Conclusions


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Maintenance Engineering Handbook Seventh Edition

Maintenance Engineering Handbook Seventh Edition

Keith Mobley, Lindley Higgins

Preference :

Some engineering fields change dramatically from year to year, with radical breakthroughs in
technology happening often. These fields may have hundreds or more papers and texts published
each year on the latest best practices. Maintenance engineering is a field which, for the most part,
hasn’t fundamentally changed much over the years. And there aren’t many sources for the latest
information or best practices.
But in recent years, maintenance engineering has, more and more, put an emphasis on true reliability.
A business which is asset-intensive, such as manufacturing, relies on a reliability-centered
field of engineering to be successful. In my opinion, reliability engineering itself has become a technology
used for the purpose of improving manufacturing capacity, without capital investment.
The Maintenance Engineering Handbook has long been regarded as the premier source for
expertise on maintenance theory and practices for any industry. This text has been considered
invaluable and now, this latest edition defines those practices that are critical to developing an
effective reliability engineering function within your business.
This text is no longer just about mechanical, electrical, and civil maintenance engineering.
Instead, the seventh edition also focuses on recognized and proven best practices in maintenance,
repair, and overhaul (MRO) inventory management, root-cause analysis, and performance management.
Keith Mobley, the editor in chief of this text, has more than 35 years of direct experience in
corporate management, process and equipment design, and reliability-centered maintenance
methodologies. For the past 16 years, he has helped hundreds of clients across the globe achieve
and sustain world-class performance through the implementation of maintenance and reliability
engineering principles.
You may spend your career worrying about excessive downtime and high maintenance costs as
a result of repetitive failures. As a fellow veteran maintenance and reliability engineer, I encourage
you to recognize that this field is changing and improvements are being made that empower today’s
business leaders. This text can help you reap the benefits of those changes so that your hard work
produces the best possible results.

Maintenance Engineering Handbook Seventh Edition


Content :
  • Section 1 Organization and Management of the Maintenance Function
  • Section 2 The Horizons of Maintenance Management
  • Section 3 Engineering and Analysis Tools
  • Section 4 Maintenance of Plant Facilities
  • Section 5 Maintenance of Mechanical Equipment
  • Section 6 Maintenance of Electrical Equipment
  • Section 7 Instruments and Reliability Tools
  • Section 8 Lubrication
  • Section 9 Chemical Corrosion Control and Cleaning
  • Section 10 Maintenance Welding


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Diesel Generator Handbook

Diesel Generator Handbook

L.L.J. Mahon

Preference :

Diesel Generator Handbook meets the need for an authoritative reference work covering the range of mechanical and electrical topics embodied in the practical design and application of diesel generating plant. It will be particularly welcomed in many parts of the developing world where the diesel generator is basic to the electricity supply system.

The discussion covers, in fifteen chapters, the prime mover, power ratings, synchronous generators, load assessment, control principles and systems, switchgear and controlgear, standby power, fuels and lubricating oilss, installation and commissioning, noise reduction, and plant operation and maintenance.

The book thus caters for all who are concerned with the selection, specification, testing, commissioning, operation and maintenance of diesel-based generator systems: not only the practicing plant or services engineers, but also non-specialist engineers and users. The young technician or trainee engineer who is embarking on a career in the supply industry will find this handbook an invaluable investment.

L L J Mahon, FIEE, FBIM, after an engineering apprenticeship with BTH in Rugby, gained over 30 years' experience in the design, development, manufacture, installation and commissioning of both stationary and highly specialized mobile diesel generator plant for a range of applications.



Content :
  • Reciprocating internal combustion engines
  • Power rating and performance
  • A.C. generators - general
  • A.C. generators - performance characteristics
  • Load considerations
  • Engine governing
  • Automatic voltage regulation
  • Parallel operation of generating sets
  • Switchgear and controlgear
  • Prime mover and generator protection
  • Emergency and standby A.C. power supplies
  • Fuels and lubricating oils
  • Installation and commissioning
  • Plant noise reduction
  • Operation and maintenance


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Electrical Power Cable Engineering

Electrical Power Cable Engineering

Leonard L. Grigsby

Preference :

Electrical cable can be considered as just a conductor with an overlying insulation or an exterior shield or jacket. Perhaps with this naive, simplistic concept is part of the reason that cable engineering, especially for power cable, has been largely neglected in current electrical engineering education in the United States with its emphasis on computers, electronics, and communication. But power cable does electrically connect the world! The history, so interestingly presented
in Chapter 1 of this book, shows how the subject evolved with both great success and sometimes unexpected failure.
As this book emphasizes, cable engineering is technically very complex. Certainly electrical, mechanical, and even to some extent civil engineering are involved in interrelated ways. Many other disciplines-physics, inorganic chemistry, organic (primarily polymer) chemistry, physical chemistry, metallurgy, corrosion and with tests and standards in all of these areas-are concerns. Of course, it is impossible in one book to deal with all of these aspects in a completely comprehensive way. However, the various components of power cables are discusseded here with sufficient detail to provide an understanding of the basic considerations in each area. Reference to detailed sources provides a means for those with greater interest to pursue specific subjects.
The importance of factors involved in different types of cable installation is stressed. Long vertical cable runs have special problems. Installation in ducts may lead to problems with joints, terminations, elbows, and pulling stresses. At first, cable with extruded insulation was buried directly in trenches without recognition of the then unknown problem of “water treeing” in polyethylene, which was originally thought to be unaffected by moisture. After massive field failures, well over a thousand papers have been written on water treeing! Field failures can involve many factors, e.g., lightning, switching surges, repeated mechanical stressing, and swelling of voltage grading shields in contact with organic solvents such as oil and gasoline. It is important to recognize how such diverse factors can affect the performance of cable in the field.

Electrical Power Cable Engineering


Content :
  • Historical Perspective of Electrical Cables
  • Basic Dielectric Theory of Cable
  • Conductors
  • Cable Characteristics: Electrical
  • Insulating Materials for Cables
  • Electrical Properties of Insulating Materials
  • Shielding of Power Cables
  • Sheaths, Jackets, and Armors
  • Standards and Specifications
  • Cable Manufacturing
  • Cable Installation
  • Splicing, Terminating, and Accessories


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How to Repair Briggs and Stratton Engines

How to Repair Briggs and Stratton Engines

 Paul Dempsey

Preference :

Briggs & Stratton is the world’s largest producer of small engines with an annual output of 10.5 million units or 30,000 a day. More than 60% of small engines sold worldwide and half of the portable generators carry the blackand-white Briggs logo. Like Harley-Davidson, also based in Milwaukee, Briggs and Stratton is an American icon. One reason why Briggs & Stratton enjoys an almost mythic stature among Americans of a certain age is the belief that its products do not change. Wars and presidents come and go, but the Briggs side-valve lives forever. And when the mower won’t start, you can repair it without a degree in engineering. The skills learned in our youth still have relevance and can be passed on to our grandchildren, that is, if they are open to a world larger
and more real than computer games.
Actually, Briggs engines—even the old side-valve with its rectangular cylinder head and quaint rewind starter—have undergone more-or-less continuous change. And more changes are coming to the products and to the way the company does business.
But, withal, there is a kind of elegant simplicity to Briggs engineering. A case in point is the Easy-Spin compression release that automatically raises the intake valve without adding as single part to the engine. Another example is the nylon Pulsa-Jet carburetor with its built-in fuel pump and an almost zero requirement for machine work. Briggs was the first maker of utility engines to offer overhead valves, the first to build vertical-crankshaft aluminum blocks, and the first to use aluminum cylinder bores. To encourage proper maintenance, spark plugs, air filters and oil-drain plugs are readily accessible. Head bolts can be reached by removing the shroud, an operation that can be accomplished in five minutes or less.

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Content :
  • Introduction
  • The product range
  • Troubleshooting
  • Ignition systems
  • The fuel system
  • Starters
  • Charging systems
  • Engine mechanics
  • The Europa
  • Winds of change


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Cost Estimation of Structures in Commercial Buildings

Cost Estimation of Structures in Commercial Buildings

Surinder Singh

Preference :

Approximate cost estimates for structural works are always needed for one reason or another at the initial design stage in the building construction industry, and the techniques generally used for their preparation are the percentage estimate method, the superficial or floor area method (also known as the square metre method) and the approximate quantities method.
A proper application of the first two methods requires an in-depth knowledge of historical cost information of completed buildings and of the effect of design parameters on the construction cost.
Information on constituent quantities of completed buildings is not readily available. Realistic estimates may thus require the engineer to work out different schemes so that the most economical one may be selected. It is time-consuming and unsystematic if this has to be done for every project. With these drawbacks in mind, the author has supplied the basic data and discussed, in relation to commercial buildings ranging from 5 to 50 storeys, the effect of different design parameters on quantities of constituents for common structural systems, namely the reinforced concrete beam and slab system, the flat slab and waffle slab systems, and the prestressed concrete beam and reinforced concrete slab system. This approach to constituent quantities will enable both students and professionals to develop estimates with ease, speed and accuracy.

A critical review of the previous work relating to structural design economics has indicated that the
investigations were either based on records of past completed projects or on first principles by analysis, design and computation of quantities. The former approach has a number of drawbacks and, in view of this, the author decided to follow the more scientific approach of analysis, design and computation of quantities for structures of varying heights and structural systems based on the latest British Standards and Codes.
The information on constituent quantities is presented in the form of charts and the effects of design
parameters such as column grid size, number of storeys, location of structural components, arrangement of beams, grades of concrete, etc. on the quantities of various constituents of concrete construction for different structural systems have been discussed. Using the charts presented, applications for comparative cost estimation to assess the effect of various design parameters, for approximate structural cost estimation of an overall project given its design features, for checking the estimates for structural works, for calculation of quantity index for structural works, and for various other building economics studies have been illustrated.

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Content :
  • Introduction
  • Review of Previous Work
  • Reinforced Concrete Beam and Slab System
  • Flat Slab and Waffle Slab Systems
  • Prestressed Concrete Beam and Reinforced Concrete Slab System
  • Quantities/Cost - Observations, Trends and Variations
  • Computer-Based Cost Model for Reinforced Concrete Beam and Slab System
  • Case Studies for Comparison of Results
  • Additional Data for Preliminary Cost Estimation


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Refrigeration Systems and Applications Second Edition

Refrigeration Systems and Applications Second Edition

Ibrahim Dincer, Mehmet Kanoglu

Preference :

Refrigeration is an amazing area where science and engineering meet for solving the humankind’s
cooling and refrigeration needs in an extensive range of applications, ranging from the cooling of
electronic devices to food cooling, and has a multidisciplinary character, involving a combination
of several disciplines, including mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, chemistry, food
engineering, civil engineering and many more. The refrigeration industry has drastically expanded
during the past two decades to play a significant role in societies and their economies. Therefore,
the economic impact of refrigeration technology throughout the world has become more impressive
and will continue to become even more impressive in the future because of the increasing demand
for refrigeration systems and applications. Of course, this technology serves to improve living
conditions in countless ways.

This second edition of the book has improved and enhanced contents in several topics, particularly
in advanced refrigeration systems. It now includes study problems and questions at the end of
each chapter, which make the book appropriate as a textbook for students and researchers in
academia. More importantly, it now has comprehensive energy and exergy analyses presented in
several chapters for better and performance improvement of refrigeration systems and applications,
which make it even more suitable for industry. Coverage of the material is extensive, and the
amount of information and data presented is sufficient for several courses, if studied in detail. It is
strongly believed that the book will be of interest to students, refrigeration engineers, practitioners,
and producers, as well as people and institutions that are interested in refrigeration systems and
applications, and that it is also a valuable and readable reference text and source for anyone who
wishes to learn more about refrigeration systems and applications and their and analysis.
Refrigeration Systems and Applications Second Edition



Content :
  • General Aspects of Thermodynamics, Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer
  • Refrigerants
  • Refrigeration System Components
  • Refrigeration Cycles and Systems
  • Advanced Refrigeration Cycles and Systems
  • Heat Pumps
  • Heat Pipes


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Communications Industrial Networking and TCP IP Book

Communications Industrial Networking and TCP IP Book

IDC Technologies

Preference :

A LAN is a communications path between one or more computers, file-servers, terminals, workstations and various other intelligent peripheral equipment. A LAN allows access to devices to be shared by several users, with full connectivity between all stations on the network.
The connection of a device into a LAN is made through a node. A node is any point where a device is connected and each node is allocated a unique address number. Every message sent on the LAN must be prefixed with the unique address of the destination node. LANs operate at relatively high speed (i.e. 2 - 100 Mbps range and upwards) with a shared transmission medium over a fairly small local area.
In a LAN, the software that controls the transfer of messages among the devices on the network must deal with the problems of sharing the common resources of the network without conflict or corruption of data. Since many users can access the network at the same time, some rules must be established on which devices can access the network, when and under what conditions. These rules are covered under the general subject of access control. The rules that apply depend on the structure and type of the network, e.g. a star, ring or bus topology and a token passing or CSMA/CD network type.

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Content :
  • Data Communications
  • 1.1 Format of Data Communication Messages
  • 1.2 Baud Rate vs Data Transfer Rate
  • 1.3 The RS-232 Standard
  • 1.4 Functional Description of the Interchange Circuit
  • 1.5 The RS-422 Standard
  • 1.6 The RS-485 Standard
  • 1.7 Protocols
  • 2 Industrial Networking and TCP/IP
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 The Open Systems Interconnection Model
  • 2.3 Network Topologies
  • 2.4 Access Control
  • 2.5 Main LAN Standards
  • 2.6 Ethernet Standards


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Handbook of Industrial Engineering Equations, Formulas, and Calculations

Handbook of Industrial Engineering Equations, Formulas, and Calculations

Adedeji B. Badiru, Olufemi A. Omitaomu

Preference :

Calculations form the basis for engineering practice. Engineering researchers, instructors, students, and practitioners all need simple guides for engineering calculations. Although several books are available in the market for general engineering calculations, none is available directly for industrial engineering calculations. This book is designed to fill that void. It presents a general collection of mathematical equations that are likely to be encountered in the practice of industrial engineering.
Industrial engineering practitioners do not have to be computational experts; they just have to know where to get the computational resources that they need. This book provides access to computational resources needed by industrial engineers. Industrial engineering is one of the most versatile and flexible branches of engineering. It has been said that engineers make things, whereas industrial engineers make things better. To make something better requires an understanding of its basic characteristics. The underlying equations and calculations facilitate that understanding. This book
consists of several sections, each with a focus on a particular problem area. The book
include the following topics:


  • Basic math calculations
  • Engineering math calculations
  • Production engineering calculations
  • Engineering economics calculations
  • Ergonomics calculations
  • Facility layout calculations
  • Production sequencing and scheduling calculations
  • Systems engineering calculations
  • Data engineering calculations
  • Project engineering calculations
  • Simulation and statistical equations

The book is unique in the market because it is the first book of its kind to focus exclusively on industrial engineering calculations with a correlation to applications for practice.

Download Handbook of Industrial Engineering Equations, Formulas, and Calculations


Content :
  • Computational Foundations of Industrial Engineering
  • Basic Mathematical Calculations
  • Statistical Distributions, Methods, and Applications
  • Computations with Descriptive Statistics
  • Computations for Economic Analysis
  • Industrial Production Calculations
  • Forecasting Calculations
  • Six Sigma and Lean
  • Risk Computations
  • Computations for Project Analysis
  • Product Shape and Geometrical Calculations
  • General Engineering Calculations


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HVAC Engineers Handbook

HVAC Engineers Handbook

F. Porges

Preference :

This book contains in a readily available form the data, charts and tables which are regularly
required by heating, ventilating and air conditioning engineers in their daily work.
The data is presented in a concise manner to enable it to be applied directly in the actual
daffy work of the HVAC engineer. The book is designed for everyday use and a comprehensive
bibliography has been included for the benefit of those who wish to pursue the theoretical
side of any particular topic.
For this edition some errors have been corrected, the explanatory notes on the psychr~
metric chart have been improved and the chart in previous editions has been replaced, with
permission, by the well known CIBSE chart. Additional data has been included on design
temperatures and ventilation rates and information has been inserted on precautions against
legionellosis in both hot water systems and air conditioning plant. The data on duct thicknesses
and sizes has been revised to conform to current practice. A new section has been
included on natural ventilation and the information on types of refrigeration compressors
has been expanded. The data on refrigerants has been completely revised to list the new
non4~FC and non-HCFC refrigerants. Practising engineers will still meet old plant which contains
refrigerants which are now obsolete or obsolescent, and therefore the properties of the
more important of these are also given.
The policy of previous editions of giving tabulated data in both SI and Imperial units has
been continued although theoretical expressions are generally given only in SI units.

 Download HVAC Engineers Handbook


Content :
  • Abbreviations, symbols and conversions 
  • Standards for materials
  • Combustion
  • Heat and thermal properties of materials
  • Properties of steam and air
  • Heat losses
  • Cooling loads
  • Heating systems
  • Steam systems
  • Domestic services
  • Ventilation
  • Air conditioning
  • Pumps and fans
  • Sound
  • Labour rates
  • Bibliography
  • Standards


Download HVAC Engineers Handbook free PDF

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