Principles of Structural

Principles of Structure

Wyatt, Kenneth James

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Principles of Structural begins with a chapter explaining forces and their effects. Other chapters cover ties and struts, loadings, graphical statics, bracings, shears and moments, stresses, deflections, and beam design. There is also an appendix with a fuller explanation of fundamentals for readers unfamiliar with the basic concepts of geometry and statics.

The book offers a unique format with right-hand pages containing text and left-hand pages containing complementary commentary including explanations and expansions of points made in the text and worked examples. This cross-referencing gives readers a range of perspectives and a deeper understanding of each topic. The simple mathematical approach and logical progression—along with the hints and suggestions, worked examples and problem sheets—give beginners straightforward access to elementary structural engineering.

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Content :
  • Forces, Moments, and Equilibrium
  • Ties and Struts
  • Loadings on Buildings
  • Graphical Statics
  • Pin-Jointed Structures
  • Bracing of Buildings
  • Shear Force and Bending Moment
  • Properties of Area
  • Bending Stresses
  • Shear Stresses
  • Deflections
  • Design of Beams


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Beams Analysis and Design Spreadsheet

Beams Analysis and Design Spreadsheet


Beams analysis and design spreadsheet program is written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis of either single-span or continuous-span beams subjected to virtually any type of loading configuration.  Four (4) types of single-span beams and two (2) through (5) span, continuous-span beams, considered.  Specifically, beam end reactions as well as the maximum moments and deflections are calculated.  Plots of all of the diagrams are produced, as well as a  
tabulation of the shear, moment, slope, and deflection for the beam or each individual span.  Also, for structural steel single-span beams an AISC 9th Edition (ASD) Code check can be performed for X-axis bending and shear. 
 
  






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US Steel Sheet Pile Design - Cantilever Wall Excel Sheet

US Steel Sheet Pile Design - Cantilever Wall Excel Sheet 


Computes the depth required, maximum moment, and section modulus required for Sheet Pile Design based on US Steel's Sheet Piling Design Manual. There is a sheet to analyze the effects of Cooper E80 loading per AREMA Specifications. However,  normal traffic or equipment surcharge loads can be used as well. Graphs are provided for Log Spiral Active and Passive coefficients.
 
  






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Analysis and Design of Steel Beams According to BS

Analysis and Design of Steel Beams According to BS


This spreadsheet performs an analysis and design of simply supported and cantilever, steel beams bending about their X-X axis and subjected to gravity loads. Beams can be either with full restraint or without full restraint.
Design is in accordance with BS 5950-1:1990. Bending moments, shear forces and deflections are computed at 1/60th positions along the span and the maximums of these values are used for the design. The equations for the analysis have been obtained from the Reinforced Concrete Designer's Handbook by Reynolds and Steedman. Self weight of the steel section is automatically included in the calculations. The moment capacity of the section is calculated taking into account the corresponding shear force and a reduction is made as necessary. A check is made to see if a shear bucking calculation is required and a warning is issued. This spreadsheet also contains a calculation sheet for checking local web bearing and buckling.
 
  






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Water Engineering: Hydraulics, Distribution and Treatment

Water Engineering: Hydraulics, Distribution and Treatment

Lawrence K. Wang

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Each section of this chapter offers, in a sense, a preview of matters discussed at length in later parts of this book. There they are dealt with as isolated topics to be mastered in detail. Here they appear in sequence as parts of the whole so that their general purpose and significance in the scheme of things may be understood and may give a reason for closer study. Municipal water systems generally comprise (a) collection works, (b) purification works, (c) transmission works, and (d) distribution works. The relative functions and positions of these components in a surface water supply are sketched in Fig. 1.1. The collection works either tap a source continuously adequate in volume for present and reasonable future demands or convert an intermittently insufficient source into a continuously adequate supply. To ensure adequacy, seasonal and, in large developments, even annual surpluses must be stored for use in times of insufficiency. When the quality of the water collected is not satisfactory, purification works are introduced to render it suitable for the purposes it must serve: contaminated water is disinfected; aesthetically displeasing water made attractive and palatable; water containing iron or manganese deferred or demagnetized; corrosive water deactivated, and hard water softened. Transmission works convey the collected and purified supply to the community, where distribution works dispense it to consumers in wanted volume at an adequate pressure. Ordinarily, the water delivered is metered so that an equitable charge can be made for its use and, often, also for its disposal after use.

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Content :
  • 1 Introduction to Water Systems
  • 2 Water Sources: Surface Water
  • 3 Water Sources: Groundwater
  • 4 Quantities of Water Demand
  • 5 Water Hydraulics, Transmission, and Appurtenances 
  • 6 Water Distribution Systems: Components, Design, and Operation
  • 7 Water Distribution Systems: Modeling and Computer Applications
  • 8 Pumping, Storage, and Dual Water Systems
  • 9 Cross-Connection Control
  • 10 Water Quality Characteristics and Drinking Water Standards
  • 11 Water Treatment Systems 
  • 12 Chemicals Feeding, Mixing, and Flocculation
  • 13 Aeration, Gas Transfer, and Oxidation
  • 14 Coagulation 
  • 15 Screening, Sedimentation, and Flotation
  • 16 Conventional Filtration
  • 17 Alternative and Membrane Filtration Technologies
  • 18 Disinfection and Disinfection By-products Control
  • 19 Chemical Precipitation and Water Softening


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Traffic Engineering Handbook, 7th Edition

Traffic Engineering Handbook, 7th Edition

ITE., Pande,

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Traffic engineering is the subdiscipline of transportation engineering that addresses the planning, design, and operation of streets and highways, their networks, adjacent lands, and interaction with other modes of transportation (air, water, and rail) and their terminals. Over many decades, the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) has provided traffic engineering professionals with a comprehensive resource of fundamental traffic engineering concepts, as well as state-of-the-art practices, through the Traffic Engineering Handbook (TEH or Handbook). The Handbook's prior editions have been widely used by public agencies, consultants, and educational institutions as a basic day-to-day reference source on the proven techniques of the practice. The primary audience for this publication is practicing professionals responsible for the safe and efficient operation of the roadway transportation networks. The secondary audience includes academia in general and educators in particular. The Handbook can also be used as a reference by the general public and policymakers, but it is not written primarily for that audience.

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Content :
  • Introduction To The Traffic Engineering Handbook And Its Role In Evolving Practice
  • Probability And Statistical Analyses Techniques For Traffic Engineering Performance Measurement
  • Road Users
  • Traffic Engineering Studies
  • Level Of Service Concepts In Multimodal Environments
  • Forecasting Travel Demand
  • Traffic Flow Characteristics For Uninterrupted Flow Facilities
  • Design And Operations Of Road Segments And Interchanges In Rural Areas
  • Planning, Design, And Operations Of Road Segments And Interchanges In Urban Areas
  • Design And Control For Interrupted Traffic Flow Through Intersections
  • Design And Operation Of Complete Streets And Intersections
  • Access Management
  • Parking 
  • Traffic Calming
  • Work Zone Maintenance Of Traffic And Construction Staging
  • Traffic Management For Planned, Unplanned, And Emergency Events


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Groundwater Lowering in Construction-A Practical Guide to Dewatering

Groundwater Lowering in Construction-A Practical Guide to Dewatering

Pat M. Cashman

Preference :

Many engineering projects, especially major ones, entail excavations into water-bearing soils. For all such excavations, appropriate system(s) for the management and control of the groundwater and surface water runoff should be planned before the start of each project. In practice, this can only be done with the knowledge of the ground and groundwater conditions likely to be encountered by reference to site investigation data. The control of groundwater (and also surface water runoff) is invariably categorized as “temporary works” and, therefore, is almost always regarded by the client and the engineer or architect as the sole responsibility of the contractor and of little or no concern of theirs. In many instances, this philosophy has been demonstrated to be shortsighted and ultimately costly to the client.

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Content :
  • 1 Groundwater Lowering: A Personal View and Introduction by
  • 2 The History of Groundwater Theory and Practice
  • 3 Principles of Groundwater Flow
  • 4 Permeability of Soils and Rocks
  • 5 Groundwater Models
  • 6 Objectives of Groundwater Control
  • 7 Groundwater Problems for Excavations in Soils
  • 8 Groundwater Problems for Excavations in Rock
  • 9 Methods for Control of Surface Water and Groundwater
  • 10 Groundwater Control for Tunnelling Projects
  • 11 Site Investigation for Groundwater Lowering
  • 12 Assessment of Permeability
  • 13 Design of Groundwater Lowering Systems
  • 14 Sump Pumping
  • 15 Wellpoint Systems
  • 16 Deep Well Systems
  • 17 Other Dewatering Systems
  • 18 Methods for Exclusion of Groundwater
  • 19 Pumps for Groundwater Lowering Duties
  • 20 Permanent Groundwater Control Systems
  • 21 Environmental Impacts from Groundwater Control
  • 22 Monitoring of Groundwater Control Systems
  • 23 Maintenance of Groundwater Lowering Systems
  • 24 Decommissioning of Groundwater Control Systems
  • 25 Safety, Contracts and Environmental Regulation
  • 26 Optimization of Groundwater Control Systems
  • 27 Case Histories
  • 28 The Future


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Port Management and Operations

Port Management and Operations

Burns, Maria G

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This book was written with the purpose of redefining the strategic role of global seaports in the present “Post-New Economy Era.” Ports are these remarkable human constructions that over centuries reflect the epitome of global evolution, economic growth, and innovation. As 70.8% of the global surface is covered by water, seaports reflect all sovereign nations’ political superiority and financial prosperity. Ports are the pillars of global economy, trade, and transport: 80% of global commodities are carried by water; over 9000 seaports, harbors and inland waterways, and multiple terminals per port facilitate world trade by serving over 50,000 oceangoing ships while generating over 30% of the global GDP on an annual basis. Historically, the rise and fall of empires has been associated with seaports, either through naval battles at times of war or through sea trade and transport at times of peace. In fact, superpowers and robust economies show their long-standing strength and dominance through seaports.

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Content :
  • Introduction
  • Connecting Hub Port Gateways to the Inland Infrastructure
  • Port Management and Economic Growth
  • Port Operations
  • Port and Terminal Investment
  • Ships’ Size, Ports’ Size: A New Era Ahead
  • Strategic Alliances, Market Positioning, and Differentiation
  • Key Performance Indicators as Tools of Strategic Planning and Management
  • Leadership and Teambuilding
  • Port Authorities and Regulatory Framework
  • Ports as a Bridge to Maritime and Offshore Energy Activities
  • The Future of Ports


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Deep Excavations in Soil

Deep Excavations in Soil

William H.K. Lee

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To an average person, deep excavation might conjure up thoughts of massive deep open cast gold mines. These can take dozens of years to excavate with more than a million tonnes of earth removed in one day. The largest of these goes down 700m, deep enough to accommodate a 230-floor tower without appearing above the original ground level, nearly as big as Burj Khalifa (829.8m) and more than Tokyo Skytree (634m) and Shanghai Tower (632m). Such deep excavations for mining rock ore are generally in undeveloped terrain. Engineering for deep open cast mines requires substantial input from rock mechanics engineers. Deep excavations in soil are generally not as deep as open cast mines and necessitate much more gentle slopes or retaining walls to hold up the sides.

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Content :
  • 1. Introduction  
  • 2. How are deep excavations created  
  • 3. Design  
  • 4. Contracts  
  • 5. Practice


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Plain Concrete Footing Design Based on ACI

Plain Concrete Footing Design Based on ACI


Plain concrete footing or pedestal is a shallow foundation designed to take small loads from columns without using longitudinal tension steel. These are the most economical forms of shallow foundation. To sustain temperature and shrinkage stresses, the standard codes recommend to provide distribution reinforcement bars for plain concrete footings.
 
  






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Matrix Methods of Structural Analysis

Matrix Methods of Structural Analysis

Nagarajan, Praveen

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Matrix methods of structural analysis are used for the analysis of the framed structures, i.e., structures composed of one-dimensional elements. The solution procedures used in this method are systematic and general. Hence, it is easier to write computer programs using this method. The matrix method of analysis is an important topic in the field of structural engineering. Proper knowledge in this area is necessary to understand advanced topics like finite element method, structural dynamics, structural stability, etc. The software available for the analysis of structures is developed using this method. Hence, it is necessary to have a background in this subject for the proper application of these software tools. This book deals with the analysis of structures using matrix methods. It is designed as an easy-to-read textbook for an introductory course in matrix methods of structural analysis for senior undergraduate and postgraduate students of civil engineering. It will be also useful for practicing structural engineers for the efficient usage of structural analysis software tools.

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Content :
  • 1. Introduction 
  • 2. Flexibility and Stiffness: Characteristics of Structures 
  • 3. Flexibility Method 
  • 4. Stiffness Method 
  • 5. Direct Stiffness Method


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Rectangular Columns Design Excel Sheet

Rectangular Columns Design Excel Sheet


A rectangular concrete column section under axial load and biaxial bending is selected. It is symmetrically reinforced with two layers of reinforcement he corresponding strain, stress and force diagrams on the section at the ultimate load  whereas, the location of the neutral axis specified in terms of two parameters α and β is For as pecified position and direction of the neutral axis, the strain diagram can be set with the maximum strain in the concrete of εcu = 0.0035
 
  






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Fundamental Concepts of Earthquake Engineering

Fundamental Concepts of Earthquake Engineering

Villaverde, Roberto

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Earthquakes are one of nature’s greatest hazards to life and property. Throughout historic times,
they have caused the destruction of countless cities and villages around the world and inflicted
the death of thousands of people (see Appendix). In the last 30 years alone, thousands of people
were injured or lost their lives, and many more were left homeless, by earthquakes. The totally
unexpected and nearly instantaneous devastation they may cause produces a unique psychological
impact and a fear on modern societies that it is unsurpassed by any other natural hazard. This
devastation, however, is owed almost entirely to the effect of earthquakes on civil engineering structures
and the ground that supports them. It is the collapse of bridges, buildings, dams, and other
structures that, together with the indirect effects of these collapses, causes extensive damage and
loss of life during earthquakes. In principle, therefore, with the effective application of scientific
and engineering principles and techniques, societies can minimize, if not completely eliminate,
earthquake catastrophes.

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Content :
  • Introduction
  • Seismic Regions of the World
  • Earthquake Genesis
  • Earthquake Propagation
  • Measurement of Earthquakes
  • Characterization of Strong Ground Motions
  • Seismic Hazard Assessment
  • Influence of Local Site Conditions
  • Design Response Spectrum
  • Structural Response by Response Spectrum Method
  • Structural Response by Step-by-Step Integration Methods
  • Structural Response by Equivalent Lateral Force Procedure
  • Structural Response Considering Soil-Structure Interaction
  • Seismic Response of Nonstructural Elements
  • Seismic Protection with Base Isolation
  • Seismic Protection with Energy Dissipating Devices
  • Seismic Code Provisions


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RCC Design Of Cable Trench Excel Sheet

RCC Design Of Cable Trench Excel Sheet


Cable trenching is a method of laying cables into the ground by digging trenches. The cables are submerged underground via the trench and are then covered by a layer of earth, bitumen or concrete. RCC design of cable trench excel sheet allow to to analysis and design the Trench
 
  








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Seismic Analysis Excel Sheet

Seismic Analysis Excel Sheet


Seismic is manifested as ground shaking caused by the sudden release of energy in the Earth ’ s
crust. This energy may originate from different sources, such as dislocations of the crust, volcanic
eruptions, or even by man - made explosions or the collapse of underground cavities, such as mines or
karsts. Thus, while earthquakes are defi ned as natural disturbances, different types of earthquake exist:
fault rupture - induced, volcanic, mining - induced and large reservoir - induced. Richter ( 1958 ) has provided
a list of major earth disturbances recorded by seismographs as shown in Figure 1.1 . Tectonic
earthquakes are of particular interest to the structural engineers, and further discussion will therefore
focus on the latter type of ground disturbance.
 
  






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Excel Sheet to Design all Types of Footings

Excel Sheet to Design all Types of Footings


Reinforced concrete foundations, or footings, transmit loads from a structure to the supporting soil.
Footings are designed based on the nature of the loading, the properties of the footing and the
properties of the soil.
Design of a footing typically consists of the following steps:
1. Determine the requirements for the footing, including the loading and the nature of the supported
structure.
2. Select options for the footing and determine the necessary soils parameters. This step is often
completed by consulting with a Geotechnical Engineer.
3. The geometry of the foundation is selected so that any minimum requirements based on soils
parameters are met.
 
  




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Introduction to Tunnel Construction

Introduction to Tunnel Construction

Chapman, David N.

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Computers have a prominent, often controlling role throughout the life cycle of engineering products and manufacturing processes. Their role is vital as global competitive pressures call for improvements in product performance and quality coupled with significant reductions in product design, development, and manufacturing timetables. Design engineers vastly improve their work productivity using computers. For example, performance of a product or process can be evaluated prior to fabricating a prototype using appropriate simulation software. Computer-aided design (CAD) uses the mathematical and graphic processing power of the computer to assist the engineer in the creation, modification, analysis, and display of designs.

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Content :
  • Introduction. 
  • Site Investigation. 
  • Preliminary Analysis. 
  • Ground Improvement Techniques and Lining Systems. 
  • Tunnel Construction
  • Techniques. 
  • Health and Safety and Risk Management in Tunneling. 
  • Ground Movements and Monitoring. 
  • Case Studies.


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Design of Rectangular Tank Excel Sheet

Design of Rectangular Water Tank Excel Sheet


Storage tanks are built for storing water, liquid petroleum, petroleum products and
similar liquids. Analysis and design of such tanks are independent of chemical nature
of product. They are designed as crack free structures to eliminate any leakage.
Adequate cover to reinforcement is necessary to prevent corrosion. In order to avoid
leakage and to provide higher strength concrete of grade M20 and above is
recommended for liquid retaining structures.
 
  




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Mechanical Engineers' Handbook: Design, Instrumentation, and Controls

Mechanical Engineers' Handbook: Design, Instrumentation, and Controls

Myer Kutz

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Computers have a prominent, often controlling role throughout the life cycle of engineering products and manufacturing processes. Their role is vital as global competitive pressures call for improvements in product performance and quality coupled with significant reductions in product design, development, and manufacturing timetables. Design engineers vastly improve their work productivity using computers. For example, performance of a product or process can be evaluated prior to fabricating a prototype using appropriate simulation software. Computer-aided design (CAD) uses the mathematical and graphic processing power of the computer to assist the engineer in the creation, modification, analysis, and display of designs.

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Content :
  • 1. Computer-Aided Design 
  • 2. Product Design for Manufacturing and Assembly
  • 3. Design-for-Environment Processes and Tools
  • 4. Design Optimization: An Overview
  • 5. Total Quality Management in Mechanical System Design
  • 6. Reliability in the Mechanical Design Process
  • 7. Product Design and Manufacturing Processes for Sustainability
  • 8. Life-Cycle Design
  • 9. Design for Maintainability
  • 10. Design for Remanufacturing Processes
  • 11. Design for Manufacture and Assembly with Plastics
  • 12. Design for Six Sigma: A Mandate for Competitiveness 
  • 13. Engineering Applications of Virtual Reality
  • 14. Physical Ergonomics
  • 15. Electric Circuits
  • 16. Measurements
  • 17. Signal Processing
  • 18. Data Acquisition and Display Systems
  • 19. Systems Engineering: Analysis, Design, and Information Processing for Analysis and Design
  • 20. Mathematical Models of Dynamic Physical Systems.


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Design Of Spread Footing Excel Sheet

Design Of Spread Footing Excel Sheet


Spread footings are usually designed to use 3 ksi < f'c < 4 ksi, whereas modern structural
members frequently use concrete between the range of 4 ksi < f'c < 8 ksi. A higher concrete
strength helps reduction the member’s size. However, the footing’s design is govern by the
bearing capacity and settlement. That means that the strength of the soil might be limiting
factor, and a higher concrete strength would not be relevant.
 
  








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Site Planning and Design, First Edition

Site Planning and Design, First Edition

Thomas Russ

Preference :

The character of site design is such that the profession requires a combination of applying one’s experience while always learning new methods and materials, and then educating peers, clients, and the public. Site design professionals more so than most other professionals are always faced with having their work reviewed and often modified by nonprofessionals. I recently sat in a meeting with representatives of a state department of education, all former teachers and not a planner or site professional among them. They were discussing the need to review plans prepared by professionals to be sure the plans were correct! Their primary concern was the environmental impact of school construction and seeing that the plan addressed this concern

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Content :
  • 1 Sustainability and Site Design
  • 2 Site Analysis
  • 3 Site Grading
  • 4 Designing for People
  • 5 Street and Parking Lot Design
  • 6 Infrastructure
  • 7 Landscape Restoration
  • 8 Site Layout
  • 9 Vegetation in the Site Plan
  • 10 Project Management Issues
  • 11 Historic Landscapes and Preserving Land
  • 12 Landscape and Culture


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