## Structural Cross Sections. Analysis and Design

Naveed Anwar

Preference :

The cross-sections and their properties are a basic component in almost all aspects of the analysis and design of structures. In fact, the primary objective of an efficient design process is to proportion the cross-sections of structural elements to resist the applied load effects and actions. Also, the preliminary dimensions and properties of cross-sections are required to start the modeling and analysis process for the structural system, to pre- pare initial cost estimates, and even to refine the basic space planning and utilization schemes. It is the key role cross-sections play in overall struc- tural behavior, analysis, and design, which motivated authors to write a book focusing on their basic understanding and behavior, with an empha- sis on computer applications.

Content :
• Structures and Structural Design
• Understanding Cross-Sections
• Axial–Flexural Response of Cross-Sections
• Response and Design for Shear and Torsion
• Response and Design of Column Cross-Sections
• Ductility of Cross-Sections
• Retrofitting of Cross-Sections
• Software Development and Application for the Analysis of Cross-Sections
• Appendix A - Cross-Sectional Properties of Some Common Shapes
• Appendix B - Torsional Constant Factors

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## Surveying with Construction Applications

Kavanagh

Preference :

Surveying is the art and science of taking field measurements on or near the surface of the Earth. Survey field measurements include horizontal and slope distances, vertical distances, and horizontal and vertical angles. In addition to measuring distances and angles, surveyors can measure position as given by the northing, easting, and elevation of a survey station by using satellite-positioning and remote-sensing techniques. In addition to taking measurements in the field, the surveyor can derive related distances and directions through geometric and trigonometric analysis. Once a survey station has been located by angle and distance, or by positioning techniques, the surveyor then attaches to that survey station (in handwritten or electronic field notes) a suitable identifier or attribute that describes the nature of the survey station. In Chapter 10, you will see that attribute data for a survey station can be expanded from a simple descriptive label to include a wide variety of related information that can be tagged specifically to that survey station.

Content :
• 1. Surveying Fundamentals
• 2. Mathematics Review
• 3. Distance Measurement
• 4. Introduction to Total stations and Theodolites
• 5. Total Station Operations
• 6. Traverse Surveys and Computations
• 7. Satellite Positioning
• 8. An Introduction to Geomatics
• 9. Horizontal Control Surveys
• 10. Machine Guidance and Control
• 11. Highway Curves
• 12. Highway Construction Surveys
• 13. Municipal Street Construction Surveys
• 14. Pipeline and Tunnel Construction Surveys
• 15. Culvert and Bridge Construction Surveys
• 16. Building Construction Surveys
• 17. Quantity and Final Surveys

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## Reinforced Concrete Design 2nd Edition

Sunnikrishna Pillai

Preference :

Traditionally, the study of reinforced concrete design begins directly with a chapter on materials, followed by chapters dealing with design. In this book, a departure is made from that convention. It is desirable for the student to have first an overview of the world of reinforced concrete structures, before plunging into the finer details of the subject. Accordingly, this chapter gives a general introduction to reinforced concrete and its applications. It also explains the role of structural design in reinforced-concrete construction and outlines the various structural systems that are commonly adopted in buildings.

Content :
• Reinforced Concrete Structures
• Basic Material Properties
• Basic Design Concepts
• Behaviour In Flexure
• Design Of Beams And One-way Slabs For Flexure
• Design For Shear
• Design For Torsion
• Design For Bond
• Analysis For Design Moments In Continuous Systems
• Serviceability Limit States: Deflection And Cracking
• Design Of Two-way Slab Systems
• Design Of Staircases
• Design Of Compression Members
• Design Of Footings And Retaining Walls
• Good Detailing And Construction Practices
• Special Provisions For Earthquake-resistant Design
• Selected Special Topics

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# Collection of Steel Design Free Excel Sheets

This collection contains the best Excel sheets to design steel members and Connection such as beams, Trusses, Frames, and connections

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## Cement and Concrete Mineral Admixtures

Tokyay, Mustafa

Preference :

An admixture is broadly defined as something that is mixed together. Many of the additional materials that are being used in cement and concrete may be considered as admixtures according to this broad definition since they are mixed together either with cement or concrete. However, more explicit terms are being used in cement and concrete terminology. An admixture, as defined by the ACI Committee 116, is a material other than water, aggregates, hydraulic cement, and fibre reinforcement, used as an ingredient of a cementitious mixture to modify its freshly mixed, setting or hardened properties and that is added to the batch before or during mixing’. Materials of similar nature are called additions if they are incorporated into hydraulic cement during manufacture either by intergrinding or blending (ACI 116, 2005). Both of these terms embody a very wide range of materials some of which are commonly used while others have only limited applications.

Content :
• Admixtures and additions
• Natural pozzolans
• Fly ashes
• Blast furnace slag
• Silica fume
• Limestone powder
• Other mineral admixtures
• Effects of mineral admixtures on the hydration of portland cement
• Effects of mineral admixtures on the workability of fresh concrete
• Effects of mineral admixtures on the properties of hardened concrete
• Effects of mineral admixtures on the durability of concrete
• Proportioning mineral admixture-incorporated concretes
• International standards on mineral admixtures in cement and concrete
• Use of mineral admixtures in special concretes
• Mineral admixtures as primary components of special cement

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# Excavation Calculation For Earthwork in Excel Sheet

Excavation will be understood as the process of excavating and removing volumes of earth or other materials for the conformation of spaces where foundations, water tanks, concrete, masonry, and sections corresponding to hydraulic or sanitary systems will be housed according to project plans.
 Excavation Calculation For Earthwork in Excel Sheet

## Wind Tunnel Testing of High-Rise Buildings

Richard F. Fellows

Preference :

The primary goal of this guide is to provide an overview of the wind tunnel testing process for design professionals. This knowledge should allow readers to ask the correct questions of their wind engineering consultants throughout the design process. The guide is not intended to be an in-depth guide to the technical intricacies of wind tunnel testing, as these are covered in several other publications. The guide does, however, introduce one topic that has not been addressed previously, but which the design community needs: a methodology for the presentation of wind tunnel results to allow straightforward comparison of results from different wind tunnel laboratories. The wind loads provided by wind engineering specialists have a major effect on the construction costs of many tall buildings.

Content :
• Introduction
• Nature of Wind Effects
• Wind Tunnel Testing
• Methods
• Prediction of Load Effects for Strength Design and Serviceability
• Format for Comparing Wind Tunnel Results
• Use of Wind Tunnel Results

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# Septic Tank Design Excel Sheet

A septic tank is an underground chamber made of concrete, fiberglass, or plastic through which domestic wastewater (sewage) flows for basic treatment. Settling and anaerobic processes reduce solids and organics, but the treatment efficiency is only moderate (referred to as “primary treatment”). Septic tank systems are a type of simple onsite sewage facility (OSSF).
 Download Septic Tank Design Excel Sheet

## Highway Bridge Maintenance Planning and Scheduling

Hurt, Mark A.

Preference :

The previous statement may appeal to the vanity of those who work with bridges, but it also reflects a truth: bridges are critical assets that provide important value but at a cost. Value, in that each highway bridge is a solution to a problem of how to carry traffic across a river or gorge or another obstacle such as conflicting lanes of traffic. Cost, in that the solution comes at a price, each section of a bridge deck costs several times more than an equivalent area of roadway both to construct and to maintain over the life of the bridge.

Content :
• 1. Introduction
• 2: Bridge Elements and Materials
• 3: Bridge Inspection and Evaluation
• 4: Preventative Maintenance
• 5: Substantial Maintenance and Rehabilitation
• 6: Bridge Life Cycle Costing
• 7: Bridge Management

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## The Seismic Design Handbook

Bruce A. Bolt

Preference :

This handbook contains up-to-date information on the planning, analysis, and design of earthquake-resistant building structures. Its intention is to provide engineers, architects, developers, and students of structural engineering and architecture with authoritative, yet practical, design information. It represents an attempt to bridge the persisting gap between advances in the theories and concepts of earthquake-resistant design and their implementation in seismic design practice.

Content :
• The Nature of Earthquake Ground Motion
• Earthquake Ground Motion and Response Spectra
• Geotechnical Design Considerations
• Dynamic Response of Structures
• Linear Static Seismic Lateral Force Procedures

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# Construction Quantities of Materials Estimate

Construction Quantities of Materials Estimate for the production of required quantity of concrete of given mix proportions can be calculated by absolute volume method. This method is based on the principle that the volume of fully compacted concrete is equal to the absolute volume of all the materials of concrete, i.e. cement, sand, coarse aggregates, and water. Construction Quantities of Materials Estimate. Quantities of materials for the production of the required quantity of concrete of given mix proportions can be calculated by the absolute volume method.

## Formulas for Structural Dynamics

Olga Lebed,

Preference :

Deformable systems with distributed parameters are widely used in modern engineering. Among these systems, planar systems such as beams, arches, and frames, are some of the most commonly used systems in practice. These systems find wide applications in civil and transport engineering (supported structures, framing elements for airplanes, ships, and rockets), in mechanical engineering, robotics and radio-engineering (load-bearing members, electric drives for robotics and mechanisms, boards of radio-electronic apparatus, etc). With the development of ‘high technologies’, the purpose of deformable systems (DS) and their functional peculiarities as part of an engineering system is changed. Elastic elements become objects of active control. Elastic beam elements are used as mechanical filters in electronics. Elastic DS is used in control and measurement systems, which include elements of different natures, such as electrical, acoustical, optical, magnetic elements. Beam systems are widely used as resonant strain gauges in micro-mechanical systems for the measurement of forces, accelerations, displacements, and pressure.

Content :
• Transverse vibration equations
• Analysis methods
• Fundamental equations of classical beam theory
• Special functions for the dynamical calculation of beams and frames
• Bernoulli–euler uniform beams with classical boundary conditions
• Bernoulli–euler uniform one-span beams with elastic supports
• Bernoulli–euler beams with lumped and rotational masses
• Bernoulli–euler beams on elastic linear foundation
• Bernoulli–euler multispan beams
• Prismatic beams under compressive and tensile axial loads
• Bress–timoshenko uniform prismatic beams
• Non-uniform one-span beams
• Optimal designed beams
• Nonlinear transvers vibrations
• Arches
• Frames

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## Design and Construction of Modern Steel Railway Bridges

John F. Unsworth

Preference :

The need for reliable transportation systems evolved with the industrial revolution. By the early 19th century, it was necessary to transport materials, finished goods, and people over greater distances in shorter times. These societal requirements, in conjunction with the development of steam power, heralded the birth of the railroad. The steam locomotive with a trailing train of passenger or freight cars on iron rails became the principal means of transportation. Accordingly, as transportation improvements were required, the railroad industry became the primary catalyst in the evolution of materials and engineering mechanics in the latter half of the 19th century. The railroad revolutionized the 19th century. Railroad transportation commenced in the UK on the Stockton to Darlington Railway in 1823 and on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in 1830. The first commercial railroad in the United States was the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) Railroad, which was chartered in 1827.

Content :
• History and Development of Steel Railway Bridges
• Steel for Modern Railway Bridges
• Planning and Preliminary Design of Modern Steel Railway Bridges
• Loads and Forces on Steel Railway Bridges
• Structural Analysis and Design of Steel Railway Bridges
• Design of Axial Force Steel Members
• Design of Flexural Steel Members
• Design of Steel Members for Combined Forces
• Design of Connections for Steel Members
• Construction of Steel Railway Bridges: Superstructure Fabrication
• Construction of Steel Railway Bridges: Superstructure Erection

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## Matrix Structural Analysis

William McGuire

Preference :

The aims of the first edition of Matrix Structural Analysis were to place proper emphasis on the methods of matrix structural analysis used in practice and to lay the groundwork for the more advanced subject matter. This extensively revised Second Edition accounts for changes in practice that have taken place in the intervening twenty years. It incorporates advances in the science and art of analysis that are suitable for application now, and will be of increasing importance in the years ahead. It is written to meet the needs of both the present and the coming generation of structural engineers.

Content :
• 1. Introduction
• 2. The Main Variables and Relationships
• 3. The Elastic Properties of Single Elements (a) Line Elements
• 4. The Elastic Properties of Single Elements (b) An Introduction to Area and Volume Elements
• 5. The Equilibrium or Displacement Method
• 6. The Equilibrium Equations of a Complete Structure
• 7. Plastic Analysis and Design
• 8. The Compatibility or Force Method
• 9. Transfer Matrices
• 10. The Analysis of Non-linear Structures
• 11. Problems of Size and Accuracy

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## AutoCAD 2020 Beginners Guide

Richard F. Fellows

Preference :

CAD is an abbreviation for Computer-Aided Design. It is the process used to design and draft components on your computer. This process includes creating designs and drawings of the product or system. AutoCAD is a CAD software package developed and marketed by Autodesk Inc. It can be used to create two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) models of products. These models can be transferred to other computer programs for further analysis and testing. In addition, you can convert these computer models into numerical data. This numerical data can be used in manufacturing equipment such as machining centers, lathes, mills, or rapid prototyping machines to manufacture the product.

Content :
• 1: Introduction to AutoCAD 2020
• 2: Drawing Basics in AutoCAD
• 3: Drawing Aids in AutoCAD
• 4: Editing Tools in AutoCAD
• 5: Multi-View Drawings in AutoCAD
• 6: Dimensions and Annotations in AutoCAD
• 7: Parametric Tools in AutoCAD
• 8: Section Views in AutoCAD
• 9: Blocks, Attributes, and Xrefs in AutoCAD
• 10: Layouts & Annotative Objects in AutoCAD
• 11: Templates and Plotting in AutoCAD
• 12: 3D Modeling Basics in AutoCAD
• 13: Solid Editing Tools & Generating 2D Views

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## The Design of Prestressed Concrete Bridges: Concepts and Principles

Robert Benaim

Preference :

Concrete has been in use as a primary building material since Roman times. As it is strong in compression but weak in tension, it was used in arches, vaults and walls where it is stressed principally in compression. In the mid-nineteenth century, it was discovered that iron and later steel bars could be embedded in the concrete, effectively giving it tensile strength. This allowed it to be used in beams and slabs, where it worked in bending. Buildings, bridges, retaining walls and many other structures were made in this reinforced concrete. However, although it is one of the principal building materials in the world, it has shortcomings. Reinforced concrete beams and slabs defl ect signifi cantly under load, requiring stocky sections to provide adequate stiffness; as it defl ects it cracks which spoils its appearance and leaves the reinforcing bars vulnerable to corrosion; the large number of bars required to give the necessary strength to long span beams in bridges and buildings make it diffi cult to cast the concrete; it is labour intensive and slow to build.

Content :
• The nature of design
• Basic concepts
• Reinforced concrete
• Prestressed concrete
• Prestressing for statically determinate beams
• Prestressing for continuous beams
• Articulation of bridges and the design of substructure
• The general principles of concrete deck design
• The design of bridge deck components
• Precast beams
• Solid slabs, voided slabs and multi-cell box girders
• Ribbed slabs
• Box girders
• Counter-cast technology for box section decks
• The construction of girder bridges
• The effect of scale on the method of construction
• The design and construction of arches
• Cable-supported decks

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## Building Construction Materials and Techniques

P. Purushothama Raj

Preference :

One of the basic needs of human beings is shelter. Housing fulfills this requirement. It is an important indicator of the level of a country’s social program. Housing involves the construction of buildings with suitable building materials and by following certain construction practices depending on the location. Buildings are constructed not only for housing purposes but also for different purposes such as schools, hospitals, industries, etc. Thus, the knowledge of building construction materials and building construction techniques are essential for a civil engineer. A couple of courses are available, which are offered in B.E/B.Tech. programs in universities – Building Materials and Building Construction. Recently, several universities combined these courses into a single course to provide continuous and comprehensive material. This book is one which deals with materials and construction techniques needed for buildings.

Content :
• 1 PROPERTIES OF CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS
• 2 BUILDING STONES
• 3 BRICKS
• 4 TILES AND CERAMIC MATERIALS
• 5 LIME
• 6 CEMENT
• 7 MORTAR
• 8 CONCRETE
• 9 PRECAST CONCRETE UNITS
• 10 TIMBER AND INDUSTRIAL TIMBER PRODUCTS
• 11 METALS AND ALLOYS
• 12 SURFACE FINISHING MATERIALS
• 13 OTHER BUILDING MATERIALS
• 14 PLANNING OF BUILDINGS
• 15 FOUNDATIONS
• 16 MASONRY CONSTRUCTION
• 17 WALLS
• 18 FRAMED STRUCTURES
• 19 ARCHES AND LINTELS
• 20 DOORS AND WINDOWS
• 21 STAIRS AND ELEVATORS
• 22 TEMPORARY SUPPORTING STRUCTURES
• 23 GROUND AND UPPER FLOORS

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## Civil Engineering: Supervision and Management

A. C. Twort BSc,

Preference :

This book covers methods adopted for undertaking the design and construction of civil engineering projects. The options for separate design and construction are compared with design and build projects, construction management, and management contracts. The salient differences are shown between the various conditions of contract used. The roles of the engineer, employer's project manager, or his representative under different forms of contract are compared. Requirements for the production of contract documents, specifications, tendering procedures, and choice of the contractor are set out. The engineer's powers and the duties of his resident engineer on the site of construction are considered in detail. Records, filing systems, program, and progress charts used by the resident engineer are illustrated, and advice is given on the handling of safety problems and difficult situations on site.

Content :
• Methods of commissioning works
• Contractual arrangements
• Tendering
• The contractor's site organization
• The engineer and his staff
• Starting the construction work
• Site surveys, investigations, and layout
• The resident engineer's office records
• Programme and progress charts
• Measurement and bills of quantities
• Interim monthly payments
• Variations and claims
• Earthworks and pipelines
• Site concreting and reinforcement

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