RCC Retaining Wall Design (Cantilever type) Excel Sheet

RCC Retaining Wall Design (Cantilever type) Excel Sheet



Cantilever retaining walls are the most common and widely used type of retaining wall. The following figure shows the cantilever retaining wall. Retaining walls are used in the construction of the basement below ground level, wing walls of bridge and to retain slopes in hilly terrain roads. The retaining wall can be constructed with masonry as well as reinforced concrete. In the case of masonry retaining wall, the thickness of the wall increases with height because masonry resists the lateral pressure by its weight. Thus it is also called gravity retaining wall. While the reinforced concrete retaining wall resists the lateral pressure by structural action such as bending and results in a thinner section.



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Design of RCC Structural Elements

Design of RCC Structural Elements 

S.S. Bhavikatti

Preference :

Residential, educational, office and commercial buildings are common examples of civil engineering structures. This structure consists of various elements like slabs, beams, columns, footings and staircases. Apart from the above buildings, civil engineers are associated with the design and construction of retaining walls, water tanks, bridges, dams, towers, cooling towers. For the construction of all the above structures very commonly used material is reinforced cement concrete (R.C.C.), which is a composite material consisting of concrete and steel. When water is added to an intimate mixture of cement, sand (Fine Aggregate) and jelly (Coarse Aggregate), it forms a plastic mass, popularly known as concrete. This mass can be easily molded to desired shape and size using formworks. The concrete gradually hardens and achieves the shape and size permanently. Apart from the main ingredients cement, sand, jelly, and water, small quantities of admixtures like air-entraining agents, waterproofing agents, workability agents may also be added to impart special properties to the concrete. Concrete is good in resisting compressive stress but is very weak in resisting tensile stress. Hence it is to be reinforced with suitable material wherever tension develops.


Download Theory of Machines and Mechanisms free PDF

  • Introduction 
  • Principles of Limit State Design
  • Flexural Strength of R.C. Sections 
  • Strength of R.C. Section In Shear, Torsion, and Bond
  • Limit States of Serviceability
  • Design of Beams
  • Design of Slabs
  • Design of columns
  • Design of Isolated Column Footings
  • Design of Stairs


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Simplified LRFD Bridge Design

Simplified LRFD Bridge Design 

Jai B. Kim, Robert H. Kim

Preference :

The primary function of Simplified LRFD Bridge Design is to serve as a study reference for practicing engineers and students preparing to take the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES) civil and structural exams. As such, this book guides you through the application of the fifth (2010) edition of the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, which you must have at your side as you work this book’s problems.
Be aware that although AASHTO is incorporated into many major building codes and structural specifications, there may be codes and specifications that differ from, and take priority over, the specifications in AASHTO. In practice, you should check with the governing jurisdiction to confirm which codes and specifications must be followed. In addition to AASHTO, you may need to consult other references for more comprehensive explanations of bridge design theory.

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Content :
  • LRFD Method of Bridge Design
  • Design Examples
  • Practice Problems
  • Distribution of Live Loads per Lane for Moment in Interior Beams
  • Distribution of Live Loads per Lane for Moment in Exterior Longitudinal Beams
  • Distribution of Live Load per Lane for Shear in Interior Beams
  • Distribution of Live Load per Lane for Shear in Exterior Beams
  • U.S. Customary Units and Their SI Equivalents


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Air Conditioning System Design Manual, Second Edition

Air Conditioning System Design Manual, Second Edition 

ASHRAE Press

Preference :

This manual was prepared to assist entry-level engineers in the design of air-conditioning systems. It is also usable—in conjunction with fundamental HVAC&R resource materials—as a senioror graduate-level text for a university course in HVAC system design. This manual was intended to fill the void between theory and practice, to bridge the gap between real-world design practices and the theoretical knowledge acquired in the typical college course or textbook. Courses and texts usually concentrate on theoretical calculations and analytical procedures or they focus upon the design of components. This manual focuses on applications. The manual has two main parts: (1) a narrative description of design procedures and criteria organized into ten chapters and (2) six appendices with illustrative examples presented in greater detail.


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Content :
  • INTRODUCTION
  • THE DESIGN PROCESS
  • OCCUPANT COMFORT AND HEALTH
  • LOAD CALCULATIONS
  • COMPONENTS
  • ALL-AIR HVAC SYSTEMS
  • AIR-AND-WATER SYSTEMS
  • ALL-WATER SYSTEMS
  • SPECIAL HVAC SYSTEMS
  • HVAC&R CONTROLS
  • PROPOSED MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS FOR AN OFFICE BUILDING WITH RETAIL STORES


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Analysis of Rates of Building Construction in Excel Sheet

Analysis of Rates of Building Construction in Excel Sheet



To determine the rate of Building Construction a particular item of work from quantities of materials and labors required and their costs rates of materials and labor are changing from place to place, therefore the rates o different items of work also changes from place to place every Estimate should be accompanied by the analysis of rates of the items provided in it. Analysis of rates comprises of cost of Material, Cost of labor, T and P, and Sundries, Carriage Contractor’s Profit



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Building Engineering and Systems Design

Building Engineering and Systems Design 

Frederick S. Merritt

Preference :

This edition is based upon a firm conviction of the authors that the purpose of, and the need for the book, as described in the Preface to the First Edition, are as critical today as they were when the first edition was prepared. In fact, now, there is a greater need for applications of systems design to buildings. This need occurs because of rising construction costs, greater demand for more and improved building services, and better quality control of construction. In brief, this book explains what needs to be designed, and the issues to be addressed in the design process. Revisions of the first edition have been aimed at refining the text and developing new topics which have emerged during the past decade. Increased attention is given to the involvement of architects in systems design, and to the inclusion of architectural goals and objectives in the value systems for optimized design. Traditionally, architects have been the only members of the building team whose formal training has included some work in all the major areas of building design. College courses in structures, plumbing, lighting, electrical power, mechanical systems, and building services in general, have, in the past, been included in most architectural education curricula.


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Content :
  • New Directions in Building Design
  • Basic Building Elements and Their Representation
  • Systems Design Method
  • Application of Systems Design to Buildings
  • Contract Documents and Construction Methods
  • Life Safety Concerns
  • Building Sites and Foundations
  • Structural Systems
  • Plumbing
  • Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning
  • Lighting
  • Sound and Vibration Control
  • Electrical Systems
  • Vertical Circulation
  • Systems for Enclosing Buildings


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Excel sheet to Calculate Cement and Sand for Plastering

Excel sheet to Calculate Cement and Sand for Plastering



In this excel sheet, you will calculate the quantities of sand and cement for plastering.
Plaster means a lean mortar that is formed for certain applications of arranging a supportive covering.
Finishing coats shall be of such minimum thickness as just to provide a sufficient body of material to harden satisfactorily under the site conditions in any particular case. The total thickness of two-coat work exclusive of keys or dubbing- out shall be generally about, but shall not normally exceed 20 mm and it shall not exceed 15 mm in the case of in situ concrete soffits. The thickness of three-coat work shall be about, but shall not normally exceed 25mm. The thickness of an individual coat shall generally be as recommended


Excel sheet to Calculate Cement and Sand for Plastering Free Download 

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40 Lessons in Structural Analysis

40 Lessons in Structural Analysis 

IIT Kharagpur

Preference :

Structural analysis and design is a very old art and is known to human beings since the early civilizations. The Pyramids constructed by Egyptians around 2000 B.C. stands today as the testimony to the skills of master builders of that civilization. Many early civilizations produced great builders, skilled craftsmen who constructed magnificent buildings such as the Parthenon at Athens (2500 years old), the great Stupa at Sanchi (2000 years old), Taj Mahal (350 years old), Eiffel Tower (120 years old) and many more buildings around the world. These monuments tell us about the great feats accomplished by these craftsmen in the analysis, design, and construction of large structures. Today we see around us countless houses, bridges, flyovers, high-rise buildings, and spacious shopping malls. Planning, analysis, and construction of these buildings is a science by itself. The main purpose of any structure is to support the loads coming on it by properly transferring them to the foundation. Even animals and trees could be treated as structures. Indeed biomechanics is a branch of mechanics, which concerns the working of the skeleton and muscular structures. In the early periods, houses were constructed along the riverbanks using the locally available material.


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Content :
  • 1. Energy Methods in Structural Analysis
  • 2. Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Structures by the Matrix Force Method
  • 3. Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Structures by the Displacement Method
  • 4. Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Structures by the Direct Stiffness Method
  • 5. Cables and Arches
  • 6. Approximate Methods for Indeterminate Structural Analysis
  • 7. Influence Lines


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Failure Case Studies in Civil Engineering

Failure Case Studies in Civil Engineering 

Paul A. Bosela

Preference :

This is a special publication of the Education Committee of the American Society of Civil Engineers’ (ASCE) Technical Council on Forensic Engineering (TCFE). It was first published in 1995 as Failures in Civil Engineering: Structural, Foundation, and Geoenvironmental Case Studies edited by Robin Shepherd and J. David Frost. Forensic Engineering is the application of engineering principles to the investigation of failures or other performance problems. The investigations may involve testimony on the findings before a court of law or another judicial forum when required. Failures include not only catastrophic events, such as bridge and building collapses, but also failures of facilities or components to perform as intended by the owner, design professional, or constructor. ASCE authorized TCFE in July 1985 following a number of dramatic collapses of engineered structures, such as the Hartford Coliseum, Kemper Arena, and the Hyatt Regency Walkways. The purpose of TCFE is to develop practices and procedures to reduce the number of such failures, to disseminate information on failures and their causes, to provide guidelines for conducting failure investigations, and to provide guidelines for ethical conduct in forensic engineering. It is the purpose of TCFE’s Education Committee to promote the study of failure case histories in educational activities. Thus, the committee works to promote and advance the educational objectives of colleges and universities and act as a source of referral for educational material with a forensic engineering emphasis.

Failure Case Studies in Civil Engineering


Content :
  • Foundation Failures
  • The embankment, Dam, and Slope Failures
  • Geoenvironmental Failures
  • Bridge Failures
  • Building Failures


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Road Construction Estimating Excel Sheet

Road Construction Estimating Excel Sheet



The cost of road contraction may greatly vary depending on a few factors including the road standards, topography, soil conditions, machinery used, the employed machinists’ and workers’ skills, and of course the labor costs for a particular project. As the methodology and system used during the road constructions all over the world obeys some standard norms, it’s not hard to estimation the general construction cost if the factors remain constant.

If we talk about the cost of forest roads, it’s highly recommended to divide the labor and machine costs into various parts.


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Structural Dynamics with Applications in Earthquake and Wind Engineering

Structural Dynamics with Applications in Earthquake and Wind Engineering


Preference :

The traditional design philosophy for buildings and structures, which takes almost exclusively only statics considerations into account, is being steadily supplemented by the need for carrying out additional verifications concerning their response and safety under dynamic loads. A reason for this may lie in the proliferation of modern bold architectural design forms favouring unorthodox and/or very slender structures, which are often susceptible to vibration under dynamic excitation. In addition, satisfying higher safety demands is increasingly required for buildings serving important societal needs (e.g. hospitals), or structures with high intrinsic risk potential (e.g. large industrial units). A prerequisite for carrying out complex dynamic analyses is a familiarity with the theoretical foundations and numerical methods of structural dynamics together with experience in the application of the latter and an insight into the nature of dynamic loads. The present book addresses both students and practising civil engineers offering an overview of the theoretical basics of structural dynamics complete with the relevant software for analysing the response of structures subject to earthquake and wind loads and illustrating its use by means of many examples worked out in detail, with input files for the programmes included.


Structural Dynamics with Applications in Earthquake and Wind Engineering


Content :
  • Basic Theory and Numerical Tools
  • Seismic Loading
  • Stochasticity of Wind Processes and Spectral Analysis of Structural Gust Response
  • Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures According to Eurocode
  • Seismic Design of Structures and Components in Industrial Units
  • Structural Oscillations of High Chimneys Due to Wind Gusts and Vortex Shedding


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Excel Sheet to Design Formwork

Excel Sheet to Design Formwork 



This excel spreadsheet provides the design of timber formwork systems for elevated concrete slabs. The formulae, calculations, and tables used in this spreadsheet are based on ACI committee 347, Formwork for Concrete, 6th Edition.

Formwork is the term used for the process of creating a temporary mold into which concrete is poured and formed. Traditional formwork is fabricated using timber, but it can also be constructed from steel, glass fibre reinforced plastics and other materials.

The formwork design excel sheet is measured in terms of an area that is in contact with the concrete surface. For example, the formwork for concrete footing will be calculated as the surface area of four sides of foundation only. Bottom of the footing is resting on the earth, there is no need of any formwork and top of the footing is open




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Mechanisms and Mechanical Devices Sourcebook

Mechanisms and Mechanical Devices Sourcebook

NEIL SCLATER

Preference :

This is the fourth edition of Mechanisms and Mechanical Devices Sourcebook, a well-illustrated reference book containing a wide range of information on both classical and modern mechanisms and mechanical devices. This edition contains three new chapters: one on basic mechanisms; the second on mobile robots; and the third on new directions in mechanical engineering. The chapter on basic mechanisms provides an overview of the physical principles of mechanics; the chapter on mobile robots examines existing scientific and military mobile robots and the scientific and engineering research in advanced robotics; the chapter on new directions in mechanical engineering reviews the present status and future prospects for microtechnology, highlighting progress in and acceptance of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). Also included in the chapter are articles on nanotechnology, focused on the role mechanical engineers are playing in this burgeoning science. The field of nanotechnology now involves several branches of engineering as well as the physical, chemical, biological, and medical sciences. A previous section on rapid prototyping has been updated and upgraded as a separate chapter.


Mechanisms and Mechanical Devices Sourcebook


Content :
  • Chapter 1 Basics Of Mechanisms
  • Chapter 2 Motion Control Systems
  • Chapter 3 Industrial Robots
  • Chapter 4 Mobile Scientific, Military, And Research Robots
  • Chapter 5 Linkages: Drives And Mechanisms
  • Chapter 6 Gears: Devices, Drives, And Mechanisms
  • Chapter 7 Cam, Geneva, And Ratchet Drives And Mechanisms
  • Chapter 8 Clutches And Brakes
  • Chapter 9 Latching, Fastening, And Clamping Devices And Mechanisms
  • Chapter 10 Chain And Belt Devices And Mechanisms
  • Chapter 11 Spring And Screw Devices And Mechanisms
  • Chapter 12 Shaft Couplings And Connections
  • Chapter 13 Motion-specific Devices, Mechanisms, And Machines
  • Chapter 14computer-aided Design Concepts


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Construction Project Scheduling and Control Third Edition

Construction Project Scheduling and Control Third Edition 

Saleh Mubarak

Preference :

Planning and scheduling are two terms that are often thought of as synonymous. However, they are not. Scheduling is just one part of the planning effort. The termplanning is used in many ways and different contexts. We commonly hear about financial planning, such as retirement planning and college education planning. Although these types of planning may include other aspects (such as what to do after retirement or which college to choose for your child), the main focus is on finance. Government organizations, as well as large corporations, have planning units or teams in almost every department. All plans in the individual units must be aligned with the organization’s “strategic plan,” which is the long-term plan for the organization itself in terms of operations and growth. At the individual level, a young person may have plans for marriage, a career, and so forth. However, in the context of this book, the term planning is restricted to mean project planning, with an emphasis on construction projects.

Construction Project Scheduling and Control Third Edition


Content :
  • Chapter 1 Introduction
  • Chapter 2 Bar (Gantt) Charts
  • Chapter 3 Basic Networks
  • Chapter 4 The Critical Path Method (CPM)
  • Chapter 5 Precedence Networks
  • Chapter 6 Resource Allocation and Resource Leveling
  • Chapter 7 Schedule Updating and Project Control
  • Chapter 8 Schedule Compression and Time-Cost Trade-Off
  • Chapter 9 Reports and Presentations
  • Chapter 10 Scheduling as Part of the Project Management Effort
  • Chapter 11 Other Scheduling Methods
  • Chapter 12 Dynamic Minimum Lag Relationship
  • Chapter 13 Construction Delay and Other Claims
  • Chapter 14 Schedule Risk Management
  • Chapter 15 BIM-Based 4D Modeling and Scheduling


Construction Project Scheduling and Control Third Edition

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Effective Project Management

Effective Project Management 

Robert K. Wysocki

Preference :

Effective Project Management: Traditional, Agile, Extreme, Hybrid Eighth Edition (EPM8e) represents a significant change from the 7th edition. All of the pedagogical and organizational strengths of EPM7e are retained and expanded in EPM8e. EPM8e offers not only the five different project management life cycle (PMLC) models (Linear, Incremental, Iterative, Adaptive, and Extreme) to managing a project but also adds a new one—the Hybrid Project Management (HPMgt) Framework. The choice of the best-fit PMLC is based on the characteristics of the project and the business and organizational environment in which the project will be undertaken. These approaches recognize that major differences exist among projects and that those differences require different management approaches if the project is to be managed and successfully completed. Those differences become obvious through an analysis of the Requirements Breakdown Structure (RBS).




Content :
  • Chapter 1 What Is a Project
  • Chapter 2 What Is Project Management
  • Chapter 3 What Is Strategic Project Management
  • Chapter 4 What Is a Collaborative Project Team
  • Chapter 5 What Are Project Management Process Groups
  • Chapter 6 How to Scope a TPM Project
  • Chapter 7 How to Plan a TPM Project 
  • Chapter 8 How to Launch a TPM Project
  • Chapter 9 How to Execute a TPM Project
  • Chapter 10 How to Close a TPM Project 
  • Chapter 11 Complexity and Uncertainty in the Project Landscape
  • Chapter 12 Agile Complex Project Management Models
  • Chapter 13 Extreme Complex Project Management Models
  • Chapter 14 Hybrid Project Management Framework
  • Chapter 15 Comparing TPM and CPM Models


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Introduction to Electrical Circuit

Introduction to Electrical Circuit

Eur Ing R G Poweli 

Preference :

This book covers the material normally found in first and second year syllabuses on the topic of electric circuits. It is intended for use by degree and diploma students in electrical and electronic engineering and in the associated areas of integrated, manufacturing and mechanical engineering. The two most important areas of study for all electrical and electronic engineering students are those of circuit theory and electromagnetic field theory. These lay the foundation for the understanding of the rest of the subjects which make up a coherent course and they are intimately related. Texts on one of them invariably and inevitably have references to the other. In Chapter 2 of this book the ingredients of electric circuits are introduced and the circuit elements having properties called capacitance and inductance are associated with electric and magnetic fields respectively. Faraday's law is important in the concept of mutual inductance and its effects. Reference is made, therefore, to electromagnetic field theory on a need to know basis, some formulae being presented without proof. The level of mathematics required here has been kept to a realistic minimum. Some facility with algebra (transposition of formulae) and knowledge of basic trigonometry and elementary differentiation and integration is assumed. I have included well over a hundred worked examples within the text and a similar number of problems with answers. At the end of each chapter there is a series of self-assessment test questions.



Content :
  • Chapter 1 Units and dimensions
  • Chapter 2 Electric circuit elements 
  • Chapter 3 DC circuit analysis
  • Chapter 4 Single-phase a.c. circuits 
  • Chapter 5 Three-phase a.c. circuits 
  • Chapter 6 Resonance
  • Chapter 7 Nodal and mesh analysis 
  • Chapter 8 Transient analysis 
  • Chapter 9 Two-port networks 
  • Chapter 10 Duals and analogues 


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Excel sheet to Design of Raft Foundation

Excel sheet to Design of Raft Foundation



 Raft foundation is a reinforced concrete slab under the whole of a building or extension, 'floating' on the ground as a raft floats on water. This type of foundation spreads the load of the building over a larger area than other foundations, lowering the pressure on the ground.
It reduces the contact pressure contrary to the conventionally applied strip or trench footings. It minimizes the stress on the soil. It transfers the load enforced by a number of columns or walls over the area of foundation or ground and can be assessed as ‘float’ on the ground as a raft floats on water.
Often areas covered by raft may be in excess of the contact area based on the bearing capacity of the soil below. The reinforcing bars operate normally to each other in both top and bottom layers of steel reinforcement.

Often inverted main beams and secondary beams are employed to bear column loads which need deeper foundation slab in view of the economy of the structure. Both beams are cast monolithically with raft slab. Raft foundation is suitable where soils contain the low bearing capacity and have to provide support to combat heavy structural loads.



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Dynamic Analysis of Structures

Dynamic Analysis of Structures 

John T. Katsikadelis

Preference :

The statement of the laws of motion by Newton 334 years ago (1686)a was a milestone in the evolution of mechanics and modern engineering. The relation between force (cause) and motion (effect) was quantified as a relation between the linear momentum of the body and the force exerted on it. Thus, this relation from a subject of philosophy up to that time turned out to be a valuable tool of science for the study of the natural world. The subsequent developments in the sciences were rapid. Astronomy, mathematics, mechanics of fluid and deformable bodies, and in general, mechanics of continuous media reached their peaks in the centuries that followed, with immense applications to all engineering disciplines. Nevertheless, the laws of motion, which were stated as an axiom (Axiomata sive Leges Motus) by Newton because, apparently, he could not justify their derivation, was a consequence of the discoveries of great scientists who preceded him such as Galileo,b Kepler,c Hook, etc.
The implementation of the laws of motion leads to mathematical models described by differential equations, ordinary or partial, whose solution effort has given a great impetus to the development of mathematics. Unfortunately, analytical solutions are limited to simple problems such as vibrations of discrete systems with a few degrees of freedom; linear vibrations of beams, membranes, plates, and shells with simple geometry; and simple support conditions made from materials, mostly with a linear behavior.



Content :
  • 1. General concepts and principles of structural dynamics
  • 2. Single-degree-of-freedom systems: Free vibrations
  • 3. Single-degree-of-freedom systems: Forced vibrations
  • 4. Numerical integration of the equation of motion
  • 5. Nonlinear response: Single-degree-of-freedom systems
  • 6. Response to ground motion and vibration isolation
  • 7. Damping in structures
  • 8. Generalized single-degree-of-freedom systems-Continuous systems
  • 9. Analysis in the frequency domain
  • 10. Multi-degree-of-freedom systems: Models and equations of motion
  • 11. The finite element method
  • 12. Multi-degree-of-freedom systems: Free vibrations
  • 13. Numerical evaluation of the eigenfrequencies and eigenmodes
  • 14. Multi-degree-of-freedom systems: Forced vibrations
  • 15. Dynamic analysis of multi-story buildings
  • 16. Base isolation


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Excel sheet to Design Rectangular Column Footing

Excel sheet to Design Rectangular Column Footing



Design of Rectangular Column Footing is a special case of rectangular columns, formed with the foundation footing. Such a structural solution significantly facilitates the installation of an element at the construction site. We may manufacture column footings of rectangular sections of large heights up to a few floors. The column footings are equipped with the installation accessories for the floor beams, roof beams, and walls.


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Engineering Drawing and Design

Engineering Drawing and Design 

David A. Madsen

Preference :

The tremendous growth of scientific knowledge over the past 50 years has resulted in an intense pressure on the engineering curricula of many universities to substitute “modern” subjects in place of subjects perceived as weaker or outdated. The result is that, for some, the kinematics and dynamics of machines has remained a critical component of the curriculum and a requirement for all mechanical engineering students, while at others, a course on these subjects is only made available as an elective topic for specialized study by a small number of engineering students. Some schools, depending largely on the faculty, require a greater emphasis on mechanical design at the expense of depth of knowledge in analytical techniques. Rapid advances in technology, however, have produced a need for a textbook that satisfies the requirement of new and changing course structures.
This book is intended to cover that field of engineering theory, analysis, design, and practice that is generally described as mechanisms or as kinematics and dynamics of machines. Although this text is written primarily for students of mechanical engineering, the content can also be of considerable value to practicing engineers throughout their professional careers.


Download Engineering Drawing and Design


Content :
  • Chapter 1— Introduction to Engineering Drawing and Design
  • Chapter 2— Drafting Equipment, Media, and Reproduction Methods
  • Chapter 3— Computer-Aided Design and Drafting (CADD)
  • Chapter 4— Manufacturing Materials and Processes
  • Chapter 5— Sketching Applications
  • Chapter 6 — Lines and Lettering
  • Chapter 7—Drafting Geometry
  • Chapter 8—Multiviews
  • Chapter 9—Auxiliary Views
  • Chapter 10— Dimensioning and Tolerancing
  • Chapter 11—Fasteners and Springs
  • Chapter 12— Sections, Revolutions, and Conventional Breaks
  • Chapter 13— Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing
  • Chapter 14— Pictorial Drawings and Technical Illustrations
  • Chapter 15—Working Drawings
  • Chapter 16— Mechanisms: Linkages, Cams, Gears, and Bearings
  • Chapter 17—Belt and Chain Drives
  • Chapter 25— The Engineering Design Process


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New Materials in Civil Engineering

New Materials in Civil Engineering 

Pijush Samui

Preference :

The purpose of this chapter is to introduce different engineering materials of construction that have potential to be employed [1 3]. Considering various engineering attributes such as durability, sustainability, enhanced performance, reduction of use of natural resources, and low embodied energy, and the way forward, the reader is introduced to the new materials, however no attempt is made to provide a treatise of each material. The concepts introduced also give insight into the challenges and scope for innovation that exist. The extraction, production, transportation, utilization, and recycling of construction materials have impacts on the environment, sustainability, and built environment. Generally, investment and rate of growth of infrastructure act as one of the key indicators of economic growth and prosperity of any country. There are reports of structures having suffered severe degradation. Investigations have revealed that most of the distress, damage, or degradation are due to the combined effects of aggressive environments, and increased live loads or altered function from the original/ intended design. Civil engineers face challenges of restoring the original design life, and preserving and maintaining retrofitted structures [1] through technological interventions. After water, concrete is the most commonly used building material in the world. Concrete has been through different stages of development; the earliest was conventional normal-strength concrete (NSC). Cement, water, fine aggregates, and coarse aggregates are the four key ingredients to developing the concrete mix matrix. For faster and leaner RCC construction of civil engineering infrastructure use of concrete with very high compressive strength is the preferred solution today. Civil infrastructure referred to here is concerned with urban infrastructure, development of smart cities, high-rise buildings, and long-span bridges, etc. In the next stages of development, (1) high-strength concrete (HSC), (2) high-performance concrete (HPC), and (3) ultraHSC (UHSC) have been successfully developed and deployed.




Content :
  • An overview of cementitious construction materials
  • Computational intelligence for modeling of pavement surface characteristics
  • Computational intelligence for modeling of asphalt pavement surface distress
  • Expanded polystyrene geofoam
  • Recycling of industrial wastes for value-added applications in clay-based ceramic products: a global review
  • Emerging advancement of fiber-reinforced polymer composites in structural applications
  • Fiber-reinforced concrete and ultrahigh-performance fiber-reinforced concrete materials
  • The superplasticizer effect on the rheological and mechanical properties of self-compacting concrete
  • Trends and perspectives in the use of timber and derived products in building fac¸ades
  • Dynamic response of laminated composite plates fitted with piezoelectric actuators
  • Functional nanomaterials and their applications toward smart and green buildings


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